1)基数词写法和读法: 345 three hundred and forty-five;
   a. 与of 短语连用,表示概数,不能与具体数目连 用,如scores of people 指许多人;
   b. 在一些表示"一排"或"一组"的词组里;
  如:They arrived in twos and threes. 他们三三两两的到达了。
   c. 表示"几十岁";
   d. 表示"年代",用 in +the +数词复数;
   e. 在乘法运算的一种表示法里,如:3 x 5 = 15 Three fives is (are) fifteen.

  序数词的缩写形式: first—1st second—2nd thirty-first—31st 

 三、 数词的用法
   a. 主语+谓语+倍数(或分数)+ as + adj. + as
    I have three times as many as you. 我有你三倍那么多,

   b. 主语+谓语+倍数(分数)+ the size (amount,length…) of…
    The earth is 49 times the size of the moon. 地球是月球的49倍。

   c. 主语+谓语+倍数(分数)+ 形容词(副词)比较级+ than…
   The grain output is 8 percent higher this year than that of last year.

   d. 还可以用by+倍数,表示增加多少倍
   The production of grain has been increased by four times this year.

  1/3 one-third ; 3/37 three and three-sevenths.



It is reported that in FuDan University most of students who live in newly built student apartments or off-campus housing hire clearness from housekeeping services. This action has caused an intense debate between these students and administers of the university. Students think that hiring cleaners is a new form of efficiency. But the administers think that it’s an excuse for avoiding responsibility. In fact, these students’ action has nothing to be accused. Their action indicates that now student are becoming harmonious with society.
Making full use of the society service has become very popular among college students. Because using services means give up unnecessary burdens. When students enter University they have to deal with a lot of things besides study. The events of everyday life occupy a large part of their energy. They feel impressed because they can’t find enough time to study, especially for those who prepare for their exam. While, with the development of modern society, more and more services are provided, people can chose different services to help them have an ease life. At the same time, the service industry can provide job opportunity to some people, thus reduce the impression of society. So the development of service industry is the symbol of the development of society. And more and more people accept social service. As a part of society, college students have the right to use the social service. But many people think that using social service is the privilege of those who have worked. They think that college students should do everything themselves. They should form the habit of independent. They consider those students who use social service as lazy and bad students. What cause them to think so, is their traditional opinion that college student is a separate group of society.
College student are adults, they has learned most of the ability to have a good life. So they have the right to get the social services, they shouldn’t be separated.






manned spacecraft(载人飞船),Shenzhou 5, China’s space science and technology, a great feat(伟大壮举), astronaut, set an example (树立榜样), lay solid foundations (打好基础)
One possible version:
  I’m very happy when I heard the news that China’s first manned spacecraft,Shenzhou 5,was launched on October 15,2003. I would never forget the day when all the Chinese people were proud of the successful launch.
The first unmanned “Shenzhou 1″space craft and “Shenzhou 5″ spacecraft, showed China’s space science and technology has reached a very high level. The launch of the “Shenzhou 5″ is a great feat. The dreams of thousands of astronauts have come true.    
I’m a middle school student now. Yang Liwei has set a good example for us all. I want to study hard and lay solid foundations for my future. When I grow up, I want to become an astronaut like Yang Liwei.



  一 入关



。 May I see your passport, please?
  这是我的护照。 Here is my passport / Here it is.
  旅行的目的为何? What’s the purpose of your visit? (移民)(观光)(公务)。 (Immigrant)(Sightseeing)(Businese).
  随身携带多少现金? How much money do you have with you?
  大约10,000元。 I have 10,000 dollars.
  祝你玩得愉快。 Good. Have a nice day.
  谢谢。 Thank you.

  二 行李

  我在何处可取得行李? Where can I get my baggage?
  我找不到我的行李。 I can’find my baggage.
  这是我的行李票。 Here is my claim tag.
  是否可麻烦紧急查询? Could you please check it urgently?
  你总共遗失了几件行李? How many pieces of baggage have you lost?
  请描述你的行李。 Can you describe your baggage?
  它是一个中型的灰色绅耐特皮箱。 It is a medium-sized Samsonite, and it’s gray.
  它是一个上面系有我名牌的大型皮制黑蓝色行李箱。 It is a large leather suitcase with my name tag. It’s dark blue.
  它是一个茶色小旅行袋。 It’s a small ovemight bag. It’s light brown.
  我们正在调查,请稍等一下。 Please wait for a moment while we are investigating.
  我们可能遗失了几件行李,所以必须填份行李遗失报告, We may have lost some baggage so we’d like to make a lost baggage report.
  请和我到办公室。 Would you come with me to the office? 多快可找到? How soon will I find out?
  一旦找到行李,请立即送到我停留的饭店。 Please deliver the baggage to my hotel as soon as you’ve located it.
  若是今天无法找到行李,你可如何帮助и? How can you help me if you can’t find my baggage today?
  我想要购买过夜所需的用品。 I’d like to purchase what I need for the night.

  三 海关申报

  请出示护照和申报单。 Your passport and declaration card, please.
  是否有任何东西需要申报? Do you have anything to declare?
  没有。 No, I don’t.
  请打开这个袋子。 Please open this bag.
  这些东西是做何用? What are these?
  这些是我私人使用的东西。 These are for my personal use.
  这些是给朋友的礼物。 These are gifts for my friends.
  这是我要带去台湾的当地纪念品。 This is a souvenir that I’m taking to Toronto.
  你有携带任何酒类或香烟吗? Do you have any liquor or cigarettes?
  是的,我带了两瓶酒。 Yes, I have two bottles of whisky.


Life of High Quality

Several days ago, I came across one of my friends in a birthday party of another friend. After a short greeting, he was too impatient to wait to compare his life style with the rest of the people at present, and drew a conclusion that people should pursue a life of high quality. And then, he told us very proudly that his life was really of high quality. As somewhat head of a branch of a company, he begins his morning with breathing deeply the fresh air with fragrance of green grass outside his office. Then he will read “Huashang Newspaper” already piled orderly on his desk. After that, he usually takes exercises in the company’s gymnasium. Only in the afternoon, he may work for about two hours.
Until now, his proud expression is still very vivid in my memory. I can’t help asking myself what is exactly life of high quality. Does the lifestyle like that of my friend deserve to be advocated? When thinking about it carefully and deeply, I have eliminated my doubt. I don’t think that kind of life is of high quality. And I have my own interpretation of life of high quality.
First, high quality life means that for one thing you have a positive attitude towards life. In my point of view, when you bear a positive attitude to life, you will set a goal appropriate to yourself. And in that case, you will make an appropriate plan for your ideal and make great efforts to approach the goal bit by bit. In the course of realizing the ideal, you will inevitably come across difficulties or barriers. Only with positive attitude toward life in mind, could you analyze the problem calmly, and solve the problem properly. Finally, you will surely overcome the difficulties and successfully step further to the destination. It can be imagined that without positive attitude toward life, you are easily knocked down by difficulty and give up halfway. It’s obvious that achieving the goal successfully is an indispensable part of life of high quality.
Second, you lead a life of high quality if you feel life is meaningful. In the first place, you feel life is meaningful when you are interested in what you are doing. When you are doing something interesting you very much, you will devote to what you are doing wholeheartedly and with great pleasure. In this circumstance, you may achieve a lot in what you are doing and obtain even more pleasure and interest in it. In the second place, you feel life is meaningful if you believe that what you are doing is meaningful. If what you are doing and interested in doing is little useful or even harmful to other people or the society as a whole, your life will by no means be beneficial to the society. If what you are doing is of little value to others other than interest yourself, how could you regard it as meaningful?
Third, the high quality of life refers not only to material enjoyment but also spiritual one. Comparatively speaking, the high quality of material life is easy to get. Sometimes some people will take it for granted that possessing big house and luxury car is equal to leading a life of high quality. As far as I am concerned, it is far from that. If a millionaire is not happy at all, can his life still be considered as high quality? Spiritual pursuit is a very important part of your life. And to some extent, it is thought of more important than material satisfaction.
Now, I am no longer puzzled about the problem of what is the true value of life. Of course, I hope my life is of high quality. Therefore, I will adopt a positive attitude toward life, taste meaningful life, and pursue not only material enjoyment but also the spiritual one.




    Good morning, Ladies and Gentlemen!

    Today, we will go and visit Shaoshan, the hometown of Chairman Mao. Shaoshan is a small mountain village about 100km southwest of Changsha, the capital of Hunan province, with some fairly beautiful scenery and a once typically Hunan village atmosphere, Shaoshan has been irreparably changed by history. On the 26th December 1893, a baby was born in a little house in this village, to a relatively wealthy peasant couple. The child was to grow up to become China’s Great Helmsman, Chairman Mao Zedong, and it was in this region that he spent his childhood and youth, attending school and helping his father with his work.

    As the hometown of the great man of the generation, now Shaoshan is one of the important tourist zones in Hunan province. The major tourist sites including the Former residence of Chairman Mao, Memorial Hall of Mao Zedong, Water-dripping Cave and Steles Forest of Mao’s Poems, and so on.

    The former residence of Chairman Mao is the most interesting site. Entered through a courtyard, the house is of a sunny yellow, mud brick walls, with a nicely thatched roof, and is found on a wooded hillside, above some lush paddy fields. There are 13 and one half rooms in the Former residence, which include one and half central room, a kitchen, a dining room, three family bedrooms and a guest room. Within the rooms are various personal effects of Mao and his parents, as well as photos from Mao’s life.

    This is the central room, used by two families: Mao’s family and their neighbor. So we said that there is only one half of the central room belongs to Mao’s family. And this is there kitchen, where Chairman Mao often helped his mother doing some housework in his childhood. Go through the kitchen was Chairman Mao’s parent’s bedroom, there are two photos of Chairman Mao’s parents on the inner wall, and it was in this room


  Females say that…

  men are hard to please


   the problems with guys:


  if you treat him nicely, he says you are in love with him;


  if you don’t, he says you are proud.


  if you dress nicely, he says you are trying to lure him;


  if you don’t, he says you are from kampong.


  if you argue with him, he says you are stubborn;


  if you keep quiet, he says you have no brains.


  if you are smarter than him, he’ll lose face;


  if he is smarter than you, he is great.


  if you don’t love him, he tries to possess you;


  if you love him, he will try to leave you.(very true huh?)


  if you don’t make love with him., he says you don’t love him;


  if you do!! he says you are cheap.


  if you tell him your problem, he says you are troublesome;


  if you don’t, he says that you don’t trust him.


  if you scold him, you are like a nanny to him;


  if he scolds you, it is because he cares for you.


  if you break your promise, you cannot be trusted;


  if he breaks his,he is forced to do so.


  if you smoke, you are bad girl;


  if he smokes, he is gentleman.


  if yo


The Modern Begging

Beggars are used to refer to the people who were impelled by life and obliged to beg to keep their life. With the modernization of society, begging has advanced a lot. The modern begging has changed a lot.
First, the beggar’s attitudes towards begging become mature. They used to feel ashamed and inferior to others. What they wanted to get was the things to keep them alive at the expense of the self-esteem. The poorest fate of a person was driven onto begging. But nowadays they seem to get mature. They feel at ease and justified to be beggars. When they are begging, they don’t feel uneasy and nervous. It looks like that we owe them money and they just to ask what belong to them. They claim that what they want is money other than food and clothes. Their status has changed by themselves.
In addition to, the purpose of begging changed. In the old days, they begged to live. But the wind of modernization has blown their mind; they want to keep up with the rhythm of age. So begging becomes a kind of means to be rich. They earn money at the expense of people’s sympathy and goodness. According to a newspaper, once a policeman caught about 20 beggars, nine of whom have BP calls and three have mobile phones. Their life really improved a lot. By this efficient ways, they seem make more money than common people.
In order to develop this career successfully, they create various methods.
Maybe you have ever met such thing. You just stand in a bus stop to wait for a bus. At this time, a middle-aged woman comes to you and ask: “ would you please give me one Yuan, I have no money to take bus.” You are sympathized with the poor woman then you give her money. The bus comes and you get on the bus. Maybe at this time you still take pity on the woman. But the poor woman begs for another person to get one Yuan to take bus.
This kind of things happens everyday. The place may be the bus stop, the gate of famous scene, hospitals and campus etc. they make full use of people’s innocence. Once one of my teachers told us that she gave a man money on the way to class because he said his money had been stolen and he had no money to eat at all. When she finished her class, she went to the hospital to visit her friend. She unexpectedly met that man. He still asked her for money. When he recognized she was just the person who had given money to him, my teacher had thought that he would be ashamed and embarrassed, but she was disappointed. He just turned to others to keep on begging calmly without a little shame.
In recent years, all of a sudden there were many poor boys and girls in the street with a board in which their poor experience were listed. Most of them past the college entrance examination but because of the tuition they cannot go to study. When first youth appeared, people would feel heart-broken and give money. But to the sudden popularity of the poor children, people were puzzled and hesitated. How could they support so many wretched students? Their pity and compassion could give the students material things but couldn’t save their souls.
The most shocking thing was that some people make use of the mentality that people are easier to show sympathy for children. They gathered many children about 10 years and dressed them in rags, then let these children beg for people while they just stood secretly to observe.
There are also some other methods they employed to carry out their begging. The methods listed above are some familiar ones. Maybe now there are some new creative methods appeared in our life covertly.
With these innovative methods to get people’s compassion the begging will be unprecedented prosperous. We cannot help being amazed at the prompt progress of begging. Maybe later when people find that their work is not so prosperous than the begging, the team of the begging will be stronger.






Ways to Improve chinas tourism

。请以Ways to Improve China’s Tourism为题为我国旅游事业的发展提几点建议。(提示:扩大宣传,改善旅游设施,提高服务质量……)


Ways to Improve china’s tourism


Tourism is now becoming a major industry throughout the world. However, tourism in China is not as developed as it should be. If the following is done, China’s tourism will definitely be improved.

First, our places of interest should be better advertised throughout the world to attract more tourists. Second, facilities should be provided to ensure that tourists enjoy their trip. Finally, the quality of service should be improved.

Don’t tell people their ideas are bad unless you’ve got a good one.




很多学生反映在外教课上或者课间与外教沟通时候会经常产生“communication breakdown”的情况,换句话说,经常在英语交流对话中,双方会发生不知所云,甚至尴尬的局面,


。其实,很多学生经常用的表达是错误的,有时会引起与老外沟通交流上的困难,如果不慎,甚至会引起误会乃至反感 (honest mistake though)。


  1. I know


  记得有一次,有一位学生刚刚上完我的写作课,因为有一句话不明白,我又正好在给另一位学生讲解作文,这位学生就顺便抓住这个机会,想锻炼一下口语,就去问坐在我身边的一个外教这句话什么意思,在外教耐心讲解完后,这位学生就回答了一句: “I know”.这位外教显然感觉受到了侮辱,马上收起了笑容,一转身做别的去了,弄得学生也非常尴尬。我看到后,连忙在一旁打圆场,向外教解释到其实这并不是学生的本意,后来外教也表示了体谅。当学生后来问我时,我解释道:你明明不知道这句话什么意思来问外国人,当他非常耐心的向你解释完后,你一句“I know”, 就会让外国人认为你是在耍他,会有一种你知道还问他干什么的感觉。这种回答往往会让外国人非常反感。通常在这种情况下,经常用的说法是 “got you, cheers” 或者“understood”.

  2. Judge


  外国人通常非常反感甚至说讨厌别人judge自己,那么这里的judge指的就是告诉自己应该怎么做。我们经常可以听到老外们说“Don’t judge me. I don’t need to hear that kind of talk. “ 意思就是说,我知道应该怎么做,不要告诉我应该做什么,我不要这样的帮助。