abdomen [5AbdEmEn] n.腹, 腹部

acute [E5kju:t] adj.敏锐的, [医] 急性的

adolescent [7AdEu5lesnt] adj.青春期的, 青春的

adverse [5AdvE:s] adj.不利的, 敌对的, 相反的

affiliate [E5filieit] v.使加入, 接受为会员,附属

affirmative [E5fE:mEtiv] adj.肯定的, (对正式辩论中的问题)表示赞成的, (态度, 方法等)积极的, 乐观的, 怀有希望的n.肯定语

aggravate [5A^rEveit] vt.使恶化, 加重

agitate [5AdViteit] v.搅动, 摇动, 煽动, 激动

alleviate [E5li:vieit] vt.使(痛苦等)易于忍受, 减轻

applicable [5AplikEbl] adj.可适用的, 可应用的

appraisal [E5preizEl] n.评价, 估价(尤指估价财产,以便征税), 鉴定

appreciable [E5pri:FiEbl] adj.可感知的, 可评估的,值得重视的

articulate [B:5tikjulit] adj.有关节的, 发音清晰的 vt.用关节连接, 接合, 清晰明白地说

augment [C: ^5ment] v.增加, 增大 n.增加

auxiliary [C:^5ziljEri] adj.辅助的, 补助的

avert [E5vE:t] v.转移, 避免

banish [5bAniF] vt.流放, 驱逐, 消除

bazaar [bE5zB:] n.集市,市场;义卖市场

besiege [bi5si:dV] vt.围困, 围攻, 包围

bleach [bli:tF] v.漂白, 变白

bleak [bli:k] adj.寒冷的, 阴冷的, 荒凉的, 凄凉的, 黯淡的,没有希望的

borough [5bQrE] n.自治的市镇, 区

broth [brC(:)W] n. 汤(加鱼、肉或蔬菜)

bump [bQmp] v.撞击, 碰撞 n. 碰撞, 冲撞

commute [kE5mju:t] v. 经常长途来往(尤指乘车上下班)

complication [7kCmpli5keiF(E)n] n.复杂状况

conscientious [7kCnFi5enFEs] adj.尽责的

consensus [kEn5sensEs] n.一致同意, 多数人的意见, 舆论

constituent [kEn5stitjuEnt] n.委托人, 要素 adj.有选 举权的; 有宪法制定[修改]权的

contaminate [kEn5tAmineit] v.污染

contempt [kEn5tempt] n.轻视, 轻蔑, 耻辱, 不尊敬, [律] 藐视法庭(或国会)

contrive [kEn5traiv] v.发明, 设计, 图谋

conversely [5kRnv\:sli] adv.倒地,逆地

hazard [5hAzEd] n.冒险, 危险, 冒险的事 vt.冒…的危险, 赌运气, 使遭危险

hedge [hedV] n.树篱, 障碍物 v.用树篱围住, 避免作正面答复

hierarchy [5haiErB:ki] n.层次, 层级

hinder [5hindE] adj.后面的 v.阻碍, 打扰

hinge [hindV] n.(门、盖等的)铰链, 枢纽, 关键 vt.装铰链 v.装以绞链, 依…而转移

hitherto [7hiTE5tu:] adv.迄今, 至今

hoist [hCist] n.提升间, 升起

homogeneous [7hCmEu5dVi:njEs] adj.同类的, 相似的, 均一的, 均匀的

hysterical [his5terikEl] adj. 歇斯底里的, 异常兴奋的

illuminate [i5lju:mineit] vt.照明, 照亮, 阐明, 说明, 使灿烂, 以灯火装饰(街道等) vi.照亮

immerse [i5mE:s] vt.沉浸, 使陷入

immune [i5mju:n] adj.免疫的

impair [im5pZE] v.削弱

imperialism [im5piEriElizEm] n.帝国主义, 帝制

impetus [5impitEs] n.推动力, 促进

implication [7impli5keiFEn] n.牵连, 含意, 暗示

impulse [5impQls] n.推动, 刺激, 冲动, 推动力 vt.推动

incidence [5insidEns] n.落下的方式, 影响范围, [物理] 入射

incidentally [insi5dentEli] adv.附带地, 顺便提及

incorporate [in5kC:pEreit] adj.合并的, 结社的, 一体化的 vt.合并, 使组成公司, 具体表现vi.合并, 混合, 组成公司 vt.[律] 结社, 使成为法人组织

incur [in5kE:] v.招致

indignant [in5di^nEnt] adj.愤怒的, 愤慨的

indignation [7indi^5neiFEn] n.愤慨, 义愤

indignity [in5di^niti] n.轻蔑, 侮辱, 侮辱的行为

indispensable [7indis5pensEbl] n.不可缺少之物 adj.不可缺少的, 绝对必要的

induce [in5dju:s] vt.劝诱, 促使, 导致, 引起, 感应

induction [in5dQkFEn] n.感应, 感应现象, 归纳

industrious [in5dQstriEs] adj.勤勉的, 刻苦的

inertia [i5nE:FjE] n.惯性, 惯量

infinity [in5finiti] n.无限, 无穷大

infrared [5infrE5red] adj.红外线的 n.红外线

ingenious [in5dVi:njEs] adj.机灵的, 有独创性的, 精制的, 具有创造才能

ingredient [in5^ri:diEnt] n.成分, 因素

inherit [in5herit] vt.继承, 遗传而得

initiate [i5niFieit] vt.开始, 发动, 传授v.开始, 发起

inspiration [7inspE5reiFEn] n.灵感

insulate [5insjuleit] vt.使绝缘, 隔离

insulator [5insjuleitE] n.绝缘体, 绝热器

intact [in5tAkt] adj.完整无缺的, 尚未被人碰过的, (女子)保持童贞的, (家畜)未经阉割的

integral [5inti^rEl] adj.完整的, 整体的, [数学] 积分的, 构成整体所需要的n.[数学] 积分, 完整, 部分

integrate [5inti^reit] vt.使成整体, 使一体化, 求…的积分 v.结合

integrity [in5te^riti] n.正直, 诚实, 完整, 完全, 完整性

intermittent [7intE(:)5mitEnt] adj.间歇的, 断断续续的

oath [5EuW] n.誓言, 宣誓, 诅咒

obsolete [5CbsEli:t] adj.荒废的, 陈旧的n.废词, 陈腐的人

obstacle [5CbstEkl] n.障碍, 妨害物

obstinate [5Cbstinit] adj.倔强的, 顽固的

obstruction [Eb5strQkFEn] n.阻塞, 妨碍, 障碍物

opaque [Eu5peik] n.不透明物 adj.不透明的, 不传热的, 迟钝的

optical [5CptikEl] adj.眼的, 视力的, 光学的

optimistic(al) [7Cpti5mistik] adj.乐观的

optimize [5Cptimaiz] vt.使最优化

orchard [5C:tFEd] n.果园, 果园里的全部果树, <美俚>棒球场

ore [C:(r)] n.矿石, 含有金属的岩石

originate [E5ridVineit] vt.引起, 发明, 发起, 创办 vi.起源, 发生

orthodox [5C:WEdCks] adj.正统的, 传统的, 习惯的, 保守的, 东正教的

outfit [5autfit] n.用具, 配备, 机构, 全套装配, vt.配备, 装备vi.得到装备

outset [5autset] n.开端, 开始

overhaul [7EuvE5hC:l] v.检查

overlap [5EuvE5lAp] v.(与…)交迭

overwhelm [5EuvE5welm] vt.淹没, 覆没, 受打击, 制服, 压倒

pant [pAnt] v.气喘 n.气喘

parachute [5pArEFu:t] n.降落伞

paralyze [5pArElaiz] vt.使瘫痪, 使麻痹

parasite [5pArEsait] n.寄生虫, 食客

particle [5pB:tikl] n.粒子, 点, 极小量, 微粒, 质点, 小品词, 语气

patron [5peitrEn] n.(对某人, 某种目标, 艺术等)赞助人, 资助人

pave [peiv] v.铺

peculiarity [pi7kju:li5Ariti] n.特性, 怪癖

pendulum [5pendjulEm] n.钟摆, 摇锤

penicillin [7peni5silin] n.[微] 青霉素(一种抗菌素,音译名为盘尼西林)

peninsula [pi5ninsjulE] n.半岛

perpetual [pE5petjuEl] adj.永久的

perplex [pE5pleks] v.困惑

persecute [5pE:sikju:t] v.迫害

perspective [pE5spektiv] n.透视画法, 透视图, 远景, 前途, 观点, 看法, 观点, 观察

pessimistic [7pesi5mistik] adj.悲观的, 厌世的

pinch [pintF] n.捏, 撮, 收缩, 紧急关头, 匮乏, 压力 vt.掐, 夹痛, 修剪, 勒索, 使感缺乏, 使萎缩, 偷vi.收缩, 节省

pirate [5paiErit] n.海盗, 盗印者, 盗版者, 侵犯专利权者 vt.盗印, 盗版, 掠夺, 翻印vi.做海盗

piston [5pistEn] n.[机] 活塞, 瓣

plague [plei^] n.瘟疫, 麻烦, 苦恼, 灾祸vt.折磨, 使苦恼, 使得灾祸

plausible [5plC:zEbl] adj.似是而非的

pneumonia [nju(:)5mEunjE] n.[医] 肺炎

porcelain [5pC:slin] n.瓷器, 瓷adj.瓷制的, 精美的, 脆的

preliminary [pri5liminEri] adj.预备的, 初步的

presumably [pri5zju:mEbEli] adv.推测起来, 大概

prevalent [5prevElEnt] adj.普遍的, 流行的

prey [prei] n.被掠食者, 牺牲者, 掠食vi.捕食, 掠夺, 折磨

prick [prik] vt.刺, 戳, 刺痛, 竖起vi.刺, 竖起n.扎, 一刺, 刺痛, 锥, 阴茎adj.竖起的

primitive [5primitiv] adj.原始的, 远古的, 粗糙的, 简单的

proceeding [prE5si:diN] n.行动, 进行,会议录, 学报

profile [5prEufail] n.剖面, 侧面, 外形, 轮廓

propeller [prE5pelE] n.推进者, 推进物, 尤指轮船, 飞机上的螺旋推进器

proposition [7prCpE5ziFEn] n.主张, 建议, 陈述, 命题

propulsion [prE5pQlFEn] n.推进, 推进力

protein [5prEuti:n] n.[生化] 蛋白质adj.蛋白质的

proton [5prEutCn] n.[核] 质子

provoke [prE5vEuk] vt.激怒, 挑拨, 煽动, 惹起, 驱使

puff [pQf] n.一阵喷烟, 肿块, 蓬松, 吹嘘, 宣传广告v.喷出, 张开, 夸张, (使)膨胀, (使)骄傲, 喘息, 鼓吹, 吹捧

puppet [5pQpit] n.傀儡, 木偶

qualitative [5kwClitEtiv] adj.性质上的, 定性的

quench [kwentF] vt.结束, 熄灭,淬火vi.熄灭, 平息

racket [5rAkit] n.球拍, 喧闹纷乱 v.过着花天酒地的生活

radiator [5reidieitE] n.散热器, 水箱, 冷却器, 电暖炉, 辐射体

rake [reik] n.耙子, 斜度, 向船尾的倾斜, 放荡者v.搜索, 掠过, 用耙子耙, (使)倾斜

rally [5rAli] v.召集

razor [5reizE] n.剃刀 vt.剃

reactor [ri(:)5AktE] n.反应堆

recipe [5resipi] n.处方

reciprocal [ri5siprEkEl] adj.互惠的, 相应的, 倒数的, 彼此相反的n.倒数, 互相起作用的事物

reconcile [5rekEnsail] vt.使和解, 使和谐, 使顺从

rectify [5rektifai] vt.矫正, 调整, [化] 精馏

reed [ri:d] n.芦苇, 芦笛, 簧片, 管乐器

reel [ri:l] n.(棉纱, 电线等的)卷轴, (磁带等的)一盘, 旋转, 蹒跚 vt.卷…于轴上, 使旋转vi.蹒跚地走, 旋转, 眩晕, 骚乱, 退缩, 摇晃

refute [ri5fju:t] vt.驳倒, 反驳

regenerative [ri5dVenErEtiv] adj.再生的, 更生的

rehearsal [ri5hE:sEl] n.排演, 演习, 预演, 试演

rejoice [ri5dVCis] v.(使)欣喜, (使)高兴, 喜悦

relic [5relik] n.遗物, 遗迹, 废墟, 纪念物

renovate [5renEuveit] vt.革新, 刷新, 修复

repel [ri5pel] vt.击退, 抵制, 使厌恶, 使不愉快

repent [ri5pent] v.后悔, 悔改, 忏悔, 悔悟

reproach [ri5prEutF] v.责备

reptile [5reptail] n.爬虫动物, 卑鄙的人adj.爬行的, 爬虫类的, 卑鄙的

resemblance [ri5zemblEns] n.类同之处

resignation [7rezi^5neiFEn] n.辞职, 辞职书, 放弃, 顺从

restraint [ris5treint] n.抑制, 制止, 克制

retail [5ri:teil] n.零售 adj.零售的 vt.零售, 转述 vi.零售 adv.以零售方式

reverse [ri5vE:s] n.相反, 背面, 反面, 倒退adj.相反的, 倒转的, 颠倒的 vt.颠倒, 倒转

revive [ri5vaiv] v.(使)苏醒, (使)复兴, (使)复活, (使)再生效, 回想

revolt [ri5vEult] v.反抗, 起义, 反叛, 反感, 厌恶

rigid [5ridVid] adj.刚硬的, 刚性的, 严格的

scanty [5skAnti] adj.缺乏的,不足的,稀疏的,俭省的,不充足的

scent [sent] n.气味, 香味, 香水, 线索, 嗅觉, 臭迹 vt.闻出, 嗅, 发觉, 循着遗臭追踪, 使充满气味vi.嗅猎, 发出气味

scrap [skrAp] n.小片, 废料, 剪下来的图片, 文章, 残余物, 废料, 打架 vt.扔弃, 敲碎, 拆毁vi.互相殴打adj.零碎的, 废弃的

scrape [skreip] n.刮, 擦, 擦痕, 刮擦声, 困境vi.刮掉, 擦掉, 刮出刺耳声vt.刮, 擦, 擦伤, 挖成

segment [5se^mEnt] n.段, 节, 片断v.分割

sensor [5sensE] n.传感器

sham [FAm] v.佯装 n.伪品 adj.虚假的

sheer [FiE] adj.全然的, 纯粹的, 绝对的, 彻底的, 透明的, 峻峭的 vi.避开, 躲避, 偏航 vt.使避开, 使偏航adv.完全, 全然, 峻峭n.偏航

shorthand [5FC:thAnd] n.速记

shrewd [Fru:d] adj.精明

shriek [Fri:k] v.尖声叫喊, 耸人听闻地报道, 尖声喊叫n.尖叫, 尖声, 尖声喊叫

shutter [5FQtE] n.关闭者, 百叶窗, 快门, <美俚>安眠药 vt.关上, 装以遮门, 以百叶窗遮闭

signify [5si^nifai] vt.表示, 意味vi.要紧, 有重要性 v.颇为重要, 表示

silicon [5silikEn] n.[化] 硅, 硅元素

simultaneous [7simEl5teinjEs] adj.同时的, 同时发生的

slit [slit] vt.切开, 撕裂n.裂缝, 狭长切口

snobbish [5snCbiF] adj.势利的

sober [5sEubE] adj.冷静的v.镇定

soluble [5sCljubl] adj.可溶的, 可溶解的

specification [7spesifi5keiFEn] n.详述, 规格, 说明书, 规范

spectacle [5spektEkl] n.观览物, 展览物, 公开展示, 奇观, 景象, 光景,眼镜

spectacular [spek5tAkjulE] adj.引人入胜的, 壮观的

speculate [5spekju7leit] vi.推测, 思索, 做投机买卖

spontaneous [spCn5teinjEs] adj.自发的, 自然产生的

sprout [spraut] v.萌芽 n.苗芽

spur [spE:] n.踢马剌, 剌激物, (鸟, 虫等的)距, 刺激v.鞭策, 刺激, 疾驰, 驱策

stab [stAb] n.刺, 刺伤的伤口, 一阵突然而强烈的感觉, 中伤, 伤痛v.剌, 刺伤, 伤害(感情等)

stack [stAk] n.堆, 一堆, 堆栈 v.堆叠

stake [steik] n.树桩

stationary [5steiF(E)nEri] adj.静止的; 不动的, 不变的, 固定的

stationery [5steiF(E)nEri] n.文具, 信纸

steward [5stjuEd] n.(轮船, 飞机等)乘务员, 干事

strap [strAp] n.带, 皮带vt.用带缚住, 用带捆扎

stride [straid] v.大步走(过), 跨过, 大步行走 n.步幅

stripe [straip] n.斑纹, 条纹

stuffy [5stQfi] adj.乏味的

stumble [5stQmbl] v.绊倒, 使困惑, 蹒跚, 结结巴巴地说话, 踌躇n.绊倒, 错误

sturdy [5stE:di] adj.强健的, 坚定的, 毫不含糊的n.[兽医] 家畜晕倒病

subdivide

[1] [2] 下一页

1人围观

01. A: I’d like to invite you to dinner.

  我想邀您一起共进晚餐,

第八课:谈论食物/Talking about Food

  B: Thank you, I’d love to come.

  谢谢,我很乐意。

02. A: Do you like Chinese food?

  你喜欢中国菜吗?

  B: Sure, I’m crazy about it!

  当然,我非常喜欢!

03. A: Would you mind if I order?

  我来点菜你介意吗?

  B: No, go ahead. I trust you!

  不介意,点吧。我相信你!

04. A: What would you like to drink?

  你想喝点什么?

  B: Tea is fine.

  喝茶好了。

05. A: What would you like to eat? Have you tried any special foods in Beijing?

  想吃点什么?你尝过北京的特色小吃吗?

  B: No, I haven’t. What do you suggest?

  没有,你有什么可以推荐的?

06. A: What’s Beijing famous for?

  北京什么最有名?

  B: Beijing is known for its Roast Duck!

  数北京烤鸭最出名。

07. A: Do you like it?

  你爱吃吗?

  B: Yes! It tastes great!

  爱吃!味道好极了!

08. A: I hope you like the food.

  希望你喜欢这些食物。

  B: It is delicious!

  非常好吃!

09. A: Please try this.

  请尝尝这道菜。

  B: Thank you. Just a little, please.

  谢谢,一点儿就行。

10. A: Help yourself.

  别客气。

  B: OK, thanks.

  好的,谢谢。

11. A: Let’s have a toast to our guests. Cheers!

  来!为我们的贵客干杯!

  B: Cheers!

  干!

0人围观

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  2004年10月19日,美国互联网巨头雅虎与金山、当当、天极等12家中国知名公司建立了合作伙伴关系,为它们提供国内最大容量的1G电子邮箱和其他服务,

Portal: 门户网站

。这一举动似乎违反了雅虎原先作出的不涉足门户网站市场的承诺,而且和中国本土巨头新浪、搜狐和网易展开了明刀明枪的竞争。

  中国日报网站消息:

  Yahoo! China said yesterday that it had formed an e-mail alliance with Chinese firms like NASDAQ-listed travel service company Ctrip, game websites including Haofang, e-commerce firm Dangdang, IT information portals Chinabyte, Enet and Donews, and software company Kingsoft.

  The Chinese branch of the US Internet giant will first provide its free e-mail technology to the 12 companies and their users can register such accounts with a capacity of as much as one gigabyte.

  Yahoo! China spokesman Tu Jianlu said that more than 50 per cent of China’s 80 million Internet users use the services of the 12 companies. These users are highly educated in terms of the Internet and are loyal, making them very valuable to his company.

  Portal的本意是“大门,入口,进入手段”,在IT界主要表示“门户网站,网络准入”,业界对portal的定义有很多种分类,比如把portal 定义为企业信息门户、协作门户、专业门户、知识门户等等。相关的术语有:Enterprise Information Portal (企业信息门户);virtual portal(虚拟门户);vertical portal(针对特定主题的门户网站)等。

0人围观

Should Young People Always Respect and Obey Those Older Than Themselves?
     Should young people always respect and obey those older than themselves in all circumstances? In my opinion, respect and obedience do not necessarily go hand in hand all the time.
     In my context, people who are older than me should be my parents, older siblings, teachers, relatives and others,who started life earlier than I and have seen the coming and going of generations and are therefore much more experienced.In view of their seniority in age and rich experiences, they do deserve our respect.
      Responding our seniors is the basic expression of politeness, such as greeting them, helping them do anything within our capacity and seeking advice from them in making decisions in life. Such response from us.is an expression of love, too.The seniors, being assured of our sincerity, will be most happy and contented.
      However, whether young people should always obey the seniors remains controversial. Before responding, I think it is helpful to ask: Is the advice or desire given morally right? Is it encouraging me to act against my own will? Is it given based on prejudices. I am convinced that young people should not simply obey without thinking, because blind obedience only confirms how immature, impulsive and naive we are.
     To conclude, it is necessary to respect the seniors, however, to obey them at all times is questiofiable. As goes the saying “Think before you act,”I am sure that every mature youth will discern what is right ana What. is Wrong before responding wisely.

3人围观

英语复习少走弯路

英语复习少走弯路

   在中考前的一个月中,除了根据学校老师的安排进行总复习外,同学们自己复习英语时如何才能少走弯路呢?笔者提出三条建议,

英语复习少走弯路

    逐个消灭弱项

    每位考生要静下心来,对自己作一个客观的评估,找出自己的弱项,缺什么补什么。一般来说,到现在为止,自己的弱项不会太多。即使有较多的弱项,也要找最弱的先补习。可以先注意词汇的复习。词汇掌握好坏与听力、语法、阅读、选择及写作均有直接的关系,建议考生先把要求掌握的单词词组认真筛选几遍,巩固拼写与词义,然后复习一下单词的种种变化和用法。以单词c are为例,它可以做名词,也可以做动词,其形容词形式有c areful与c areless,再可以变为副词形式carefully和carelessly,而careless又有其名词形式c arelessness等,这些不同的形式在句子中又有着不同的用法。如:

    1、You should take care of your -self.(名词)2、I don't care for smoking.(动词)3、Be carefu l when you cross the street.(形容词)4、Som e careless person has broken the glass.(形容词)5、Walk carefully,or you may fall.(副词)在英语的十大词类中,动词无疑是最为活跃的词类之一。动词是构成句子的重要组成部分,它有谓语动词和非谓语动词的区别,有及物动词和不及物动词的区别,有瞬间动词和延续动词的区别,有主动语态和被动语态的区别和时态的区别。动词又可以与其他的词搭配构成丰富多彩的词组。以m ake为例:m ake friends with sb.…(与…交朋友),m ake a film(拍电影),make mistakes(犯错),m ake a noise(吵闹),make a fire(生火),make money(挣钱),make progress(取得进步),make use of(利用)以及由make构成被动语态的多种用法,如:be made of…,be made from…,be made by…,be made for

    …,be made in…,be made upof…等,希望考生要弄清以上这些问题。

  

    每天朗读课文

  

    每天要听5-10分钟的英语录音来维持和提高听力水平,要坚持每天朗读一两篇课文,要通过听与读来巩固语感,保持对英语听力的敏感性。参加中考的学生大多会感到最难的莫过于完形填空,因为完形填空不仅从阅读的语言知识上对考生的应用能力进行考察,而且还需要考生有较好的语感和较广的知识面。做完形填空切忌急于求成。考生要先通览全文,大致了解文章的体裁、内容、情节的发展或前因后果。面对空格中要填写的单词可以先做试探性的猜测,然后逐句细读,根据上下文意思选取语法正确,意思贴切的单词填入。如果给了首个字母,范围就更缩小了。对于把握不大的空格,可以先搁置一下往下读,说不定答案就在下文中呢!完形填空的成功建立在足够的词汇量,熟练的语言表达能力,正确的语法知识和较广的知识面的基础上的。如:The them e of the 2010Shanghai World Expo is“Betty City,Better 1”.This them e is2of new ideas .The World Expo is known 3the Econom ic Olym pics.when held in Shanghai in2010,it will give much to the development of Shanghai .At 450million visitors 5around the world will com e to the six-month exhibi-tion in2010,we Chinese people should do our 6in preparation for Expo-2010.

  

    在这篇完形填空文章中,第一空考查每一位考生对2010上海世博的主题是否了解,应填l ife。第二空是一个词组be full of,第三空考查be known as的用法。第四空at least有“至少”的意思,第五空应填f rom,而最后一空则又是一个词组do one's best。考前练习小短文

  

    要坚持写一些50-80字的小短文,要多用自己熟悉的单词、词组和句型,题材要广泛,如写一件事、一个人、一个物品、一封信、一则通知、一则广告或根据图画写话等,要注意拼写正确,无语法错误,表达要达意,可把自己写的短文让老师批改一下,找出自己还存在的问题,进行分析,及时补缺。

  

    最后,“看试卷”也是一种有效的复习方法,请考生把近期做过的大小试卷和练习题分门别类整理一下,定下心来认真仔细过一遍,把以前存在的问题弄清,有针对性地进行强化复习。相信通过以上这些办法进行最后复习,考生在中考中一定能考出优秀的成绩。

 

3人围观

adjust (v.) 调整

adjust (v.) 调整


A: Do you like living here?
你喜欢住在这里吗?
B: Yes, but I am still adjusting to the new time zone.
喜欢,不过我还在适应这新的时区,

adjust (v.) 调整

9人围观

重点难点回顾
stomach-stomachs radio – radios, photo – photos, piano – pianos
bamboo – bamboos, zoo – zoos
a German-three Germans, an American-two Americans
man servant-men servants; woman doctor-women doctors;
man cook – men cooks; woman singer – women singers
papers 报纸, 文件manners礼貌  goods货物 works 工厂, 著作
looks 外表  glasses 眼镜 greens青菜 hairs几根头发 
times 时代   sands 沙滩, 沙地  irons脚镣手铐 drinks饮料
forces 军队 spirits 酒精, 情绪
keep(break) one’s word 守(失)信 leave word 留言
a man of his word 有信用的人 in a word 简言之
word for(by) word 逐字地 upon my word 说实在话
eat one words 收回前言, 认错 in other words 换句话说
the last words 临终的话 waste one’s words 白费口舌
have words with 与某人吵嘴
have a few words (a word) with 与某人说几句话
a friend of my father’s; a few friends of Liming’s ;
that book of Liming’s; two friends of my brother’s
1)主语形式虽为单数, 但意义为复数, 谓语动词用复数,

高三英语总复习语法指导

。例如:
The crowd were running for their lives.
单数形式代表复数内容的词有:people, police , cattle, militia(民兵)等。
2)主语形式为复数, 而意义上却是单数, 谓语动词用单数,例如:
The news was very exciting.
形复意单的单词有news, works(工厂)和一些以ics结尾的学科名称,physics, politics, economics,mathematics等。
某些集体名词, 如people, police, cattle, militia 等, 只当复数看待, 谓语动词必须用复数。例如:The police are searching for him.
Five minutes is enough to do this exercise.
Each boy and each girl wants to serve the people in future.
More than one student has seen the film.
Many a ship has been damaged in the storm.
More members than one are against your plan.
一些有两个部分构成的名词表示衣物或工具作主语时, 谓语通常用复数形式, 如:glasses, clothes, trousers, shoes, compasses, chopsticks, scissors等。
但如果主语用“a kind of , a pair of , a series of等加名词”构成时, 谓语动词一般用单数形式。例如:A pair of shoes was on the desk.
this kind of men的谓语用单数, men of this kind和these kind of men的谓语用复数。all kinds of 后跟复数名词, 谓语用复数形式。
并列主语如果指的是同一个人、同一事物或同一概念时, 谓语动词用单数形式, 这时and后面的名词没有冠词。例如:
Truth and honesty is the best policy.
The girl’s tea

 >> 

9人围观

How should we read?Shall we read selectively or extentively?When it comes to discussion,many people have different attitudes towards this problem.

Some people are in favor of the opinion that read selectively.Because they consider a man‘s life is limited,but there a large number of books in the world,it‘s impossible for us to read all these books in our brief life.For another,the market is filled with a lot of bad books which will do harm to our minds.In short,these people come down to the conclusion that we should read selectively.

To the contrary,other people argue that we should read extensively.In their opinions,in the competitive society in order to keep pace with current trend,we must read as many books as possible.Acquiring only a few kinds of knowledge will make the man out of the times.

Who‘s righr?as far as I concerned,we should read selectively,especially choose the useful book to read.

4人围观

Opportunities don’t come often. They come every once in a while. Very often, they come quietly and go by without being noticed. Therefore ,it is advisable that you should value and treat them with care. When an opportunity comes, it brings a promise but never realizes it on its own. If you want to achieve something or intend to fulfill one of your ambitious, you must work hard, make efforts and get prepared. Otherwise, you will take no advantage of opportunities when they come to visit you. The difference between a man who succeeds and one who does not lies only in the way each treats opportunities. The successful person always makes adequate preparations to meet opportunities as they duly arrive. The unsuccessful person, on the other hand, works little and just waits to see them pass by. In my opinion, there are plenty of opportunities for everyone in our society, but only those who are prepared adequately and qualified highly can make use of them to achieve their purpose

4人围观

 

细节性题目是阅读理解题中出现最多的一类问题,大约占40%左右,

名师李玉技指导PETS:如何做好细节性的题目

。问题有两种基本形式:完全式和不完全式,其中不完全式的问题占绝大多数。它们的问题是这样的:

1.完全式

Why do women seem less likely to be promoted after marriage?

What did scientists learn about earthquakes at the area?

According to the passage,how did the drums differ from many other drums?

According to the passage,through which of the following does the energy released?

2.不完全式

According to the passage,the new machine proved to be .

In the author’s opinion,visual and spatial abilities are good for __________.

According to the passage, women are usually good at __________.

The Sun’s light travels slowly when ____________.

可见这类问题大多是根据文章中的具体信息,如事实、例证、原因、特点、过程、论述等进行提问。和推测文章大意、标题,作者态度这类归纳推理题相比较,这种问题要容易些,因为其答案可以直接在文章中找到的。所以,这类问题也称之为“直接解答性问题”。

解题的基本方法是:仔细阅读文章后的问题,根据问题中的关键词或词组,以此作为线索,返回文章查找问题的相关句,用这个相关句来对照选项,意思一致的就是答案。

如何在文章中又快又准地找到答案:要具备这两方面的知识:

1.文章细节结构知识

一篇阅读理解文章,或长或短,都有一个中心思想。而文章就是围绕着这个中心思想展开的。支持和发展中心思想的细节主要是由描写特点特征,给予解释定义,分析原因结果,比较事物异同,提供数据事实,论述观点理由等构成的。但根据主题的不同性质,可以有不同侧重,这样就形成了不同的细节结构。

如:描述性结构(这种结构主要介绍事物,问题或倾向的特点、特征。对人物的描述如传记包括人的身体特征,家庭背景,成长过程,个性爱好,成就贡献等。因此文章中时间,地点,数据是主要细节);

释义性结构(这种结构是解释某一理论,学科,事物。主要是用例子,比喻,类比进行阐述);

比较性结构(这种结构主要是对两个事物或人物在功能,特点,优缺点,贡献方面进行比较);

原因性结构(这种结构主要是分析事物的成因,客观的,主观的,直接的,间接的);

驳论性结构(这种结构主要是介绍一种观点,然后对其评论或驳斥,分析其优缺点,或危害性,最后阐明自己的观点)。

了解这些细节结构,我们就能知道某一特定的阅读理解文章问题会出哪方面的问题,从而在阅读中给有关细节较多的注意。如例9(P.43)的阅读理解文章。这篇章文章介绍的是美国一种蝗虫:描述了蝗虫飞群的形成,形成的原因,其特点习性,给农作物造成的损失,人们对付这种虫害的方法。显然这是描述性结构,绝大多数问题肯定与特点,时间,地点,程度有关。在阅读中对这些细节作圈划记号,解答时就非常容易。

2.文章过渡词知识

文章过渡词是篇章意义组织和传达的重要一部分。由于过渡词能够表示各种语义关系,如果考生在这方面有一定的知识,往往可以借助它们搞清文章的来龙去脉,不读具体细节,也能猜上文或者下文讲的是什么。更重要的是过渡词在文章中比较突出、醒目,在查证时容易找。在阅读中,如把它们圈出,答题就容易多了。因为绝大多数细节性的问题和它们有密切的联系。根据我们统计,问题中除了问大意、中心思想的,60%以上是问细节的,而只要问细节,90%以上牵涉到原因,特点,功能,理由,事实,优缺点等。而这些东西往往是用表示各种语义的过渡词来引出的。

根据过渡词表示的语义和逻辑关系,我们可以分类为:

1) 举例

for example, for instance, as a case in point, as an illustration, such as, say, e.g.

2) 释义

that is, that is to say, in other words, so to speak, or rather, namely

3) 原因

because, because of, for, as, owing to, thanks to, due to, now that, since, as a result of, attribute to, in that

4) 条件

if, unless, whether, provided that, given, as long as, on condition that, otherwise

5) 让步

despite, in spite of, though, although, nevertheless, but, however, admittedly, it is true…but, after all

6) 结果

for this reason, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, thus, in short, in a word, to sum up, to conclude

7)比较

similarly, like, likewise, in the same way, much.., as much, no more.., than, just as… so

8)对照

whereas, instead, however, unlike, on the contrary, in contrast, on the other hand, while, some.., others

9)层进

first, in the first place, to begin with, second, next, in addition to, besides, moreover, furthermore, third, finally

10)强调

indeed, in fact, certainly, particularly, above all, most importantly, worst of all

11)目的

in order to, in an effort to, so as to, in order that, for fear that, in case, least

12)先后

shortly after, earlier, later, afterwards, after, before, once, meanwhile, since, until, when, while, the moment, as soon as

13)指示

this, that, these, this accounts for, this helps explain, that’s why

如何做判断是非的题目

是非题也称之为正误判断题,因为问的是选项中对文章中的事实的转述是否真实,提法是否正确,文章或作者是否提及,例如:

Which of the following statements is (not) true?

Which of the following is (not) mentioned in the passage?

Which of the following does not explain _______ ?

All of the following are true except ________.

可见这些问题的四个选项要么是“一正三误”,即一项是对的,是符合文章事实的,其余三项均是错的;要么是“一误三正”,即一项是错的,是不合原文事实的,其余三项均是正确的。

解答这类问题,头脑应当清楚:问题是要求把正确的选项圈出,还是要求把错误的选项圈出。有的考生不看清问题,就去选择选项,想当然地把正确的,符合文章事实的一项圈出,而问题明明问的是Which of the following is not true (mentioned),结果误选。

是非题的四个选项有三种情况:

1.四个选项中的信息集中在一、二个句子里。这种是非题比较容易做。只要找到相关句,细细读一下就不难选定正确答案。

2.四个选项中的信息集中在一段里。这样查读的范围要大一些,但还是比较容易的。验证一个,排除一个,答案就出来了。

3.四个选项中的信息分散在全文。这种是非题就比较难做,因为要化较多的时间去找各个相关句,一一去查证。一般说来,应首先把四个选项都看一遍,根据第一遍读的印象和基本常识,尽可能先排除掉一、二个,以减少查的选项。实在排除不了,需要到文章中去一一查证的,次序也应从易到难,即从印象最深的,相关句最易找的,最容易证实的那个选项开始查。

由于时间关系,要到全文中去一一查证四个选项,效率太低。因此我们还可以首先对所有选项作一分析,根据常理,根据自己的知识结构,看看哪一选项最有可能是答案。如问哪一个true,就把四个中最可能正确的一项挑出来首先去查证;如问哪一个NOT true,就把四个中最可能是错误的一项挑出来首先去查证。用这一方法,最多查证两项,答案就会出来。

如何做释义性的题目

所谓释义性的题目,就是要求对文章中阐述的事物进行准确的解释。问题往往问该事物的特征、优点、功能、作用等,如

The main characteristics of the system is _________.

One of the advantages of living in the countryside is _________.

这类问题在阅读理解的题目中占较大的比例。因为,阅读理解的文章大多是说明文体裁。说明文就是对事物解释,定义。文章用较大的篇幅来解释,答案项要么是对这些解释的另一说法,要么是对这些解释的归纳。

这类问题虽属细节题,但不容易做。有两点要注意。

1.注意解释的准确性

干扰项往往在对文章事物的解释中,夹带“私货:,加进一些词,夸大了原文的意义,作了不合事实的引伸。

这就告诉我们,在辨别信息时,对一些对原文解释、归纳的选项,要注意其释义的准确性。特别要当心在解释时加进一些修饰词,如mainly,chiefly,whenever,Only等,使原文的意思发生细微的变化。因此有这些词的选项,多半是错误的。

2.注意归纳的准确性

问的是事物的主要特点、特征、功能,干扰项却把次要的、细节性的东西,具体事实混进选项。

这告诉我们,在做释义题,辨别选项时,要注意区分细节和结论,事实和观点。问归纳性的结论,观点时不要把具体的细节,事实套上去。

如何做原因性的题目

由于阅读理解的文章绝大多数是属于说明文体裁,而说明文的主要功能是对事物、现象的解释和阐述。因此许多题目都涉及到分析和辨别事物的原因或成因。例如:

The main reason for the failure of the organization to achieve the success is that _____.

Mouthwashes are not effective cure for bad breath mainly because _________.

Which of the following is mentioned as one of the causes for the earthquake ______.

在做寻找事物原因的题目时,有几点要特别注意。

1.问的是主要原因或真正原因,而命题人员总把一些次要的,非直接的,非根本的原因放进选项。由于这些次要的原因也是文章中提到的,因此考生如不仔细,往往会把次要原因当作答案。

这就告诉我们,做这类题目,首先要注意问题中的the main/chief/real cause (reason,factor) 这些词,提醒自己,问题问的是主要原因。然后分析事物的诸多的原因,理出最主要的,直接的,根本的原因。

2.问的是事物的原因,但出现在选项里的还有事物的后果、影响。由子这些后果、影响和原因一样,都是指一件事,且都出现在同一相关段,或相关句中,稍不留心,就会搞错。

这就告诉我们,做寻找原因的题目时,对文章所说的事物的原因、结果、影响,应理清它们之间的逻辑关系。不要错把结果当原因。

如何做猜测例证用意的题目

阅读理解文章基本上是说明文,议论文。而这类体裁的文章少不了用例子,事实来说明观点。因此我们往往会碰到要求猜测文章举例的目的——这些例子要说明什么观点——的题目。如:

The example of … is given to show/illustrate that.

What can be inferred from the author’s example of ?

The experiment/study suggests/shows that.

解答这类问题,要注意以下几点。

1.注意例证所在的段落主题句

如果例证所在段有概括段落思想的主题句,就首先读这个主题句,看它的意思和问题下四个选择项哪项意思一致。一致的那个就是答案,不要去读具体例证了。因为举例的目的是为了说明观点,而段落中的例子大多是说明段落主题思想的。

2.注意例证上下文的作者观点

如果例证所在段没有主题旬或例证本身就是一段,就要看例证上面一段、下面一段有否相关的归纳性的作者观点。如果这个作者观点和问题中的某一个选择项意思一致,那就是答案,也不要去读具体例证。

3.注意全文中心思想

有时例证所在段没有主题旬,上下文周围也没有明显的作者观点,那就要去读文章中心思想句,看它与例证有什么关系,和问题下面的选择项哪一个意思一致。一致的那个就是答案,也可省去读具体例证。因为文章中的例证不是直接就是间接地说明和支持全文中心思想的。

4.对例证本身进行推测

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