让我们每天看上去都神采奕奕,气色好好,

实用口语:你“气色”好好 神采奕奕

。今天我们就来学习一些关于“气色”的英语表达,而描述气色的句子有很多,你又知道哪些呢?

 



  形容气色的表达可以有以下几种:


  have a good color/high color:气色很好


  have a good complexion:气色很好


  lose color:失色


  off color:气色很差


  little color:没有血色


  change color:突然变色(可以变得脸色苍白或者脸色红润)


  be in the pink:气色不错(这个可是很实用、很常见的,要记住哦!)


  looking bouncy:看起来生龙活虎


  a ball of fire:精力充沛的人


  he has little color in his cheeks.他脸上几乎没有血色。


  例:


  1. look good/very well/nice/great/terrific/fresh-complexioned 看起来气色很好


   Wow! Candy, you’re looking great!


   哇!凯蒂,你看起来棒极了!


  2. have a good color/high color 脸色红润


   You have a high color on the face.


   你脸色很好,


  3. have a good complexion 面色好;气色很好


   At the same time, people usually have good complexion, have a better mental state , which also shows their good health.


   同时,面容好的人通常气色、精神状态都更好,这也说明他们健康状况良


  4. off color 不舒服、气色差


   I feel a bit off color.


   我觉得有点不舒服。


  5. little color 没有血色


   He has little color in his cheeks.


   他脸上几乎没有血色。


  6. be in the pink 身体好


   I hope you’ll soon be in the pink again.


   我希望你早点恢复健康。


  7. looking bouncy 看起来生龙活虎


   You certainly look bouncy today.


   你看起来精力充沛。


  8. a ball of fire 精力充沛的人


   I hope John will join us, he is a ball of fire.


   我希望约翰能加入我们,他是个精力旺盛的人

1人围观

普通高等学校招生全国统一考试之六

  For example , a number of research studies found that social science majors had achieved greater managerial success than those who had technical training or pre-professional courses. Studies show that social science majors are most suited for change, which is the leading feature (特点) of the kind of high speed, high-pressure, high-tech world we now live in.

     Social science majors are not only experiencing success in their long-term company jobs, but they are also finding jobs more easily. A study showed that many companies had filled a large percentage of their entry-level positions with social science graduates. The study also showed that the most sought-after quality in a person who was looking for a job was communication skills, noted as "very important" by 92 percent of the companies. Social science majors have these skills, often without knowing how important they are. It is probably due to these skills that they have been offered a wide variety of positions.

     Finally, although some social science majors may still find it more difficult than their technically trained classmates to land the first job, recent graduates report that they don’ t regret their choice of study.

  72、By saying that "you may have had the last laugh" in the first paragraph, the author means that you may have _______(本题分值:2分)【正确答案】 C

  A. shared the jokes with computer majors

  B. earned as much as computer majors

  C. found jobs more easily than computer majors

  D. stopped joking about computer majors

  73、Compared with graduates of other subjects, social science graduates ____.(本题分值:2分)【正确答案】 A

  A. are ready to change when situations change

  B. are better able to deal with difficulties

  C. are equally good at computer skills

  D. are likely to give others pressure

  74、The underlined word "land" in the last paragraph probably means _______(本题分值:2分)【正确答案】 B

  A. keep for some time

  B. successfully get

  C. immediately start

  D. lose regretfully

  75、According to the text, what has made it easy for social science graduates to find jobs?(本题分值:2分)

  【正确答案】 C

  A. Willingness to take low-paid jobs.

  B. Readiness to gain high-tech knowledge.

  C. Skills in expressing themselves.

  D. Part-time work experience

  六、短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  此题要求改正所给短文中的错误,

高中英语语法-普通高等学校招生全国统一考试之六

。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该行右边的横线上画一个勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正:

  该行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线(\)划掉。

  该行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词,

  该行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。

  注意:原行没有错的不要改。

  Dear Ralph,   

  I’m a newcomer here of a small town. I would              (第76题)

  describe myself as shy and quietly. Before my classmates, (第77题)

  it seems always difficult for roe to do things well as    (第78题)

  them. I’m sure they will laugh to me and see me as        (第79题)

  a fool. So I feel unhappy every day.                      (第80题)

  Besides, I have few friends. I don’t know that they       (第81题)

  don’t like to talk with me. Sometimes, we talked to each other (第82题)

  very well in class, but after class we become stranger at      (第83题)

  once. I am trying to improve the situation since it doesn’t    (第84题)

  seem to work. Can you tell me about what I should do?          (第85题)

  Yours

  Xiao Wei

  76、(本题分值:1分) 【正确答案】 of→from

  77、(本题分值:1分) 【正确答案】 quietly→quiet

  78、(本题分值:1分) 【正确答案】 well 前加as

  79、(本题分值:1分) 【正确答案】 to→at

  80、(本题分值:1分) 【正确答案】 √

  81、(本题分值:1分) 【正确答案】 that→why

  82、(本题分值:1分) 【正确答案】 talked→talk

  83、(本题分值:1分) 【正确答案】 stranger→strangers

  84、(本题分值:1分) 【正确答案】 since→but

  85、(本题分值:1分) 【正确答案】 去掉about

  七、书面表达(每题25分,共25分)

  作文题说明

  86、假设你是李华,你在报上看到北京电视台今年七月将举办外国人“学中文,唱中文歌”才艺大赛。你的美国朋友Peter正在北京一所大学学中文,你觉得他应去试一试。请按以下要点给他写信告知此事,并表示可以提供帮助。比赛时间:7 月18日

  报名时间:截止到6月30日

  报名地点:北京电视台

  注意:

  1.词数:100左右

  2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯

  3.参考词汇:才艺大赛-talent show

  Dear Peter,

  Yours, Li Hua

  (本题分值:25分)

  【正确答案】

  One possible version: 内容要点:

  1.才艺大赛的内容和对象

  2.比赛时间

  3.报名时间和地点

  4.建议参加,表示可提供帮助

  Dear Peter,

      I read in a newspaper today that a “Learn Chinese, Sing Chinese Songs” Foreigners’ Talent Show will be held in Beijing Television Station on July 18. I know you like singing, and you are in Beijing during that period. I think this is a good chance for you to s

1人围观

01 The Language of Music

  A painter hangs his or her finished pictures on a wall, and everyone can see it. A composer writes a work, but no one can hear it until it is performed. Professional singers and players have great responsibilities, for the composer is utterly dependent on them. A student of music needs as long and as arduous a training to become a performer as a medical student needs to become a doctor. Most training is concerned with technique, for musicians have to have the muscular proficiency of an athlete or a ballet dancer. Singers practice breathing every day, as their vocal chords would be inadequate without controlled muscular support. String players practice moving the fingers of the left hand up and down, while drawing the bow to and fro with the right arm—two entirely different movements.

  Singers and instruments have to be able to get every note perfectly in tune. Pianists are spared this particular anxiety, for the notes are already there, waiting for them, and it is the piano tuner’s responsibility to tune the instrument for them. But they have their own difficulties; the hammers that hit the string have to be coaxed not to sound like percussion, and each overlapping tone has to sound clear.

  This problem of getting clear texture is one that confronts student conductors: they have to learn to know every note of the music and how it should sound, and they have to aim at controlling these sound with fanatical but selfless authority.

  Technique is of no use unless it is combined with musical knowledge and understanding. Great artists are those who are so thoroughly at home in the language of music that they can enjoy performing works written in any century.

  

  02 Schooling and Education

  It is commonly believed in United States that school is where people go to get an education. Nevertheless, it has been said that today children interrupt their education to go to school. The distinction between schooling and education implied by this remark is important.
  Education is much more open-ended and all-inclusive than schooling. Education knows no bounds. It can take place anywhere, whether in the shower or in the job, whether in a kitchen or on a tractor. It includes both the formal learning that takes place in schools and the whole universe of informal learning. The agents of education can range from a revered grandparent to the people debating politics on the radio, from a child to a distinguished scientist. Whereas schooling has a certain predictability, education quite often produces surprises. A chance conversation with a stranger may lead a person to discover how little is known of other religions. People are engaged in education from infancy on. Education, then, is a very broad, inclusive term. It is a lifelong process, a process that starts long before the start of school, and one that should be an integral part of one’s entire life.
  Schooling, on the other hand, is a specific, formalized process, whose general pattern varies little from one setting to the next. Throughout a country, children arrive at school at approximately the same time, take assigned seats, are taught by an adult, use similar textbooks, do homework, take exams, and so on. The slices of reality that are to be learned, whether they are the alphabet or an understanding of the working of government, have usually been limited by the boundaries of the subject being taught. For example, high school students know that there not likely to find out in their classes the truth about political problems in their communities or what the newest filmmakers are experimenting with. There are definite conditions surrounding the formalized process of schooling.

   03 The Definition of “Price”
  Prices determine how resources are to be used. They are also the means by which products and services that are in limited supply are rationed among buyers. The price system of the United States is a complex network composed of the prices of all the products bought and sold in the economy as well as those of a myriad of services, including labor, professional, transportation, and public-utility services. The interrelationships of all these prices make up the “system” of prices. The price of any particular product or service is linked to a broad, complicated system of prices in which everything seems to depend more or less upon everything else.
  If one were to ask a group of randomly selected individuals to define “price”, many would reply that price is an amount of money paid by the buyer to the seller of a product or service or, in other words that price is the money values of a product or service as agreed upon in a market transaction. This definition is, of course, valid as far as it goes. For a complete understanding of a price in any particular transaction, much more than the amount of money involved must be known. Both the buyer and the seller should be familiar with not only the money amount, but with the amount and quality of the product or service to be exchanged, the time and place at which the exchange will take place and payment will be made, the form of money to be used, the credit terms and discounts that apply to the transaction, guarantees on the product or service, delivery terms, return privileges, and other factors. In other words, both buyer and seller should be fully aware of all the factors that comprise the total “package” being exchanged for the asked-for amount of money in order that they may evaluate a given price.

  
 04 Electricity
 The modern age is an age of electricity. People are so used to electric lights, radio, televisions, and telephones that it is hard to imagine what life would be like without them. When there is a power failure, people grope about in flickering candlelight, cars hesitate in the streets because there are no traffic lights to guide them, and food spoils in silent refrigerators.
  Yet, people began to understand how electricity works only a little more than two centuries ago. Nature has apparently been experimenting in this field for million of years. Scientists are discovering more and more that the living world may hold many interesting secrets of electricity that could benefit humanity.
  All living cell send out tiny pulses of electricity. As the heart beats, it sends out pulses of record; they form an electrocardiogram, which a doctor can study to determine how well the heart is working. The brain, too, sends out brain waves of electricity, which can be recorded in an electroencephalogram. The electric currents generated by most living cells are extremely small – often so small that sensitive instruments are needed to record them. But in some animals, certain muscle cells have become so specialized as electrical generators that they do not work as muscle cells at all. When large numbers of these cell are linked together, the effects can be astonishing.
  The electric eel is an amazing storage battery. It can seed a jolt of as much as eight hundred volts of electricity through the water in which it live. ( An electric house current is only one hundred twenty volts.) As many as four-fifths of all the cells in the electric eel’s body are specialized for generating electricity, and the strength of the shock it can deliver corresponds roughly to length of its body.


  05 The Beginning of Drama
  There are many theories about the beginning of drama in ancient Greece. The on most widely accepted today is based on the assumption that drama evolved from ritual. The argument for this view goes as follows. In the beginning, human beings viewed the natural forces of the world-even the seasonal changes-as unpredictable, and they sought through various means to control these unknown and feared powers. Those measures which appeared to bring the desired results were then retained and repeated until they hardened into fixed rituals. Eventually stories arose which explained or veiled the mysteries of the rites. As time passed some rituals were abandoned, but the stories, later called myths, persisted and provided material for art and drama.
  Those who believe that drama evolved out of ritual also argue that those rites contained the seed of theater because music, dance, masks, and costumes were almost always used, Furthermore, a suitable site had to be provided for performances and when the entire community did not participate, a clear division was usually made between the “acting area” and the “auditorium.” In addition, there were performers, and, since considerable importance was attached to avoiding mistakes in the enactment of rites, religious leaders usually assumed that task. Wearing masks and costumes, they often impersonated other people, animals, or supernatural beings, and mimed the desired effect-success in hunt or battle, the coming rain, the revival of the Sun-as an actor might. Eventually such dramatic representations were separated from religious activities.
  Another theory traces the theater’s origin from the human interest in storytelling. According to this vies tales (about the hunt, war, or other feats) are gradually elaborated, at first through the use of impersonation, action, and dialogue by a narrator and then through the assumption of each of the roles by a different person. A closely related theory traces theater to those dances that are primarily rhythmical and gymnastic or that are imitations of animal movements and sounds.

  06 Television
  Television—–the most pervasive and persuasive of modern technologies, marked by rapid change and growth-is moving into a new era, an era of extraordinary sophistication and versatility, which promises to reshape our lives and our world. It is an electronic revolution of sorts, made possible by the marriage of television and computer technologies.
  The word “television”, derived from its Greek

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2人围观

Television for Entertainment
1.电视与娱乐的关系
2.电视的优缺点
3.你对这些优缺点的看法
      In recent years television has become the most popular form of entertainment.  It does not look as if it will be less popular in the world of the future. In fact, it looks as if television will become more popular than ever.
      But television, like other things, has both advantages and disadvantages. For a fam ily of four, for example, it is more convenient as well as cheaper to sit comfortably at home, with almost unlimited entertainment available. They do not have to pay for ex pensive seats at the theatre, the cinema, or the opera. All they have to do is to press a button.
      However, some people spend a lot of time watching TV every day. They become so dependent on TV programs that TV affects their work and study. Some programs such as violence or sex have a pernicious influence on children.
      Do the television’s advantages outweigh its disadvantages? I think we must realize that television in itself is neither good nor had, But how to use it is what really cotmts.
电视用于娱乐
     近年来电视已经成为最流行的娱乐形式,

Television for Entertainment-电视用于娱乐

,这种局面即使在未来也没有减缓的趋势。事实上,看来电视将变得比以往更普遍。
     像其它东西一样,电视有利也有弊。譬如,一个四口之家,舒服地坐在家中收看各种各样的娱乐节目,电视是较方便,较便宜的。他们不必花钱买戏票、电影票、歌剧票。他们要做的只是按动按钮。
     然而,有些人每天花费大量的时间看电视。他们那么爱看电视节目以致电视影想了他们的工作和学习。有些节目,例如渲染暴力和性的节目对儿童有毒化影响。
     电视的优点比缺点多吗?我认为电视本身无忧劣,重要的是我们怎样利用它。

1人围观

我有个朋友从加拿大留学回来,和我说在北京开车和在加拿大开车的区别,一个是北京路非常宽,路更横平竖直,加拿大的路上车更少,而且因为人少所以可以在路上向任何车招手,捎上自己一段路,而不仅仅是出租车,

路边常见英文指示牌,你能看懂几个?

。我自己的经验是,在一些旅游地区,车是给人让路的,因为人少车少,生活节奏也慢,而在大城市,这就不大可能也没必要。不过无论在哪个国家,路牌都必须要认清,安全最重要。

  1. No parking anytime.

  这种牌子告诉你这里不许停车。

  2. Road construction ahead.

  前方有施工,《路边常见英文指示牌,你能看懂几个?》。

  3. Freeway entrance.

  高速公路入口。

  4. Speed limit.

  美国的限速指示的数字比国内小,因为单位是英里。

  5. One way.

  单行道。

  6. Meter parking.

  路边投币停车。这样停车比较便宜,记得多准备些硬币哦。

  7. Premium、Plus or Regular.

  关于加油,常常分为这三种,高级、性能较佳和一般。

  路牌是城市基础设施给司机发的短信,这是一条你一定要看清的信息,还是那句话,安全第一!虽然Leon不喜欢开车,但是这篇文章还是请发给你的那些开车不看路牌的朋友们,越是喜欢开车,越是要遵守规则。

2人围观

51.别挂在心上,

疯狂英语特别拿手好戏卡全集(7)

 

52.我今天心神不宁。

 

53.我喜欢吃甜食。

 

54.我不能用英语很好地表达自己的意思。

* 把你的构想向我说清楚。

* 我无法说出来了我是多么高兴。

 

55.暂时;暂时;目前

* 暂时这样就行了。

* 你很快就有自己的办公室了,不过暂时还得和别人合用一间。

* 这本书我暂时借给你,不过下星期我就要跟你要回来。

 

56.这牛奶变质了。

* 这是一次非常糟糕的演出。

* 最近那场雨对庄稼的影响不好。

* 他来的不是时候。

* 坏习惯容易养成。

 

57.别拐弯抹角/旁敲侧击/兜圈子。

* 实话告诉我,别兜圈子

* 不要东拉西扯了,告诉我谁赢了。

 

58.尚未确定。

* 人们感觉到即将发生变革。

* 这个问题仍悬而未决。

 

59.我对数学无能为力。

* 你说的话我无法理解/我不明白你地说什么。

* 他在学问上超过我。

* 我不懂得电脑游戏是怎么设计的。

 

60.我忘了。

* 我想不起她的名字了。

* 我很抱歉忘了你的生日,我完全记不得了。

 

61.你不可能讨好每一个人/面面俱到。

* 我们的目的是让顾客满意。

*他是一个很难讨好的人。

 

62.我正在努力。

* 他正在写一本关于越战的书。

 

63.当然。

 

64.我做不到/我想不出来。

* 你想出来的主意好极了。

* 他总想出个理由来让他们再耽误上一个月。

 

64.写封信给我。

* 只言片语聊表谢意。

 

65.你在开我玩笑吧?

*别理睬他,他在跟你开玩笑。

 

66.迟早会的。

 

67.我会留意的。

 

68.那是微不足道的。

 

69.不分上下。

* 比赛双方各得20分,打成平局,

 

70.我觉得不舒服/精神不好/情绪低落。

* 她近来身体不大好。

 

71.不要误会我。

* 请不要误解我,我不是批评你。

 

72.我压力很大。

* 本市正遭遇财政困难。

* 我们给政府施加压力,要求修改那项法律。

* 工作压力使他承受不了。

 

73.你是老板,一切听你的。

* 她掌握家里的实权/她是一家之主。

 

74.这是关于哪方面的。

* 关于你的请求还没有做出决定。

* 至少,在这个问题上我们是一致的。

 

75.休想!

* 我告诉他,除非我死了,他休想拆掉这道篱笆。

* 除非我死了,否则你休想进这所房子。

 

78.你能帮个忙吗?

* 我们现在人手不足。

* 人多好做活。

 

79.我们有三十分钟的空闲时间。

* 我通常以阅读消磨时间。

* 在等火车时我看书来消磨时间。

 

80.随便你。

 

81.我会想起来的。

* 我想到一个好主意。

* 无论发生什么事,我都有准备。

 

82.你说出来。

* 把这个东西卖给我要多少钱?——“你自己说个价钱吧。”

83.如果我是你的话。

* 我很高兴我不是处在他的境遇。

* 你永远也接替不了你父亲的工作。

* 既然她已经离开了公司,有人能接替她的位置吗?

 

84.随兴之所致/到时候再说。

* 我没有时间来准备这次会议,所以只好有什么谈什么。

* 我一点不知道他们将会说些什么,所以我只好见机行事。

 

85.你应该好好利用这个机会。

* 我们利用晴朗的天气去远足。

* 琼的母亲警告她男人会占她的便宜。

 

86.边喝边聊。

 

87.轻松一点;别紧张;放松放松;再见。

 

88.我很容易取悦/很好相处。

* 他常想讨每一个人喜欢。

* 他的话使她高兴。

* 他是难以取悦的。

 

8

2人围观

Tobacco smoke is killing thousands of people every year and injuring hundreds of thousands more every day like children. Federal officials released a massive report that is sparking renewed efforts to ban smoking in public places. Secondhand smoke has been classified as known carcinogen, this classification is only shared by ten other pollutants.(These pollutants include benzene, asbestos and smoke inhaled directly from cigarettes. Govenor Mario Cuomo has asked the Legislature to outlaw smoking on school grounds and antismoking advocates said they would target airlines and fast food chains for similar bans.

The risk of developing lung cancer due to tobacco smoke is 1 in 1,000 for nonsmokers and 2 in 1,000 for nonsmoking spouses of smokers. However, the risk for smokers is 70 in every 1,000.

Passive smoking causes between 150,000 and 300,000 cases of bronchitis, pneumoia and similar infections in children less than 18 months old and worsens the condition of between 200,000 and 1 million asthmatic children. It is pointless to allow people to smoke in one part of a restaurant and not to allow it in another when eventuallly the nonsmoking section breathes in the smoke.

In conclusion, second hand smoke is a human carcinogen that kills about 3,000 U.S. nonsmokers because of lung cancer annually. Cigarette smoke is responsible ffor 150,000 to 300,000 cases of bronchitis and pneumonia and other lower respiratory infections in children up to 18 months of age. Tobacco smoke is also known to cause the build-up of fluid in the middle ear causing various infections. As one can see it is not recommended for people to smoke in public due to the effects it has on smokersa s as well as nonsmokers.

3人围观

 

  第三部分是词汇题,

如何应对四级考试之写作

。这一部分我们主要从两方面来分析。

  第一,词汇题如何复习?让我们从词汇题的考法中找答案吧。

  首先,语法不是重点。2001年开始,词汇题淡化对语法的考查;而2004年6月开始,全部为词汇题,没有一个语法题。可见,词汇部分越来越侧重词汇的认知与辨析。从考查的内容来看,没有必要在考前一段时间大量看语法。

  其次,常见词搭配不是重点。虽然四级考试中也会考take,put,bring,go等重要单词的多种搭配,但是这些题目的比重很小,一般就考2题左右,所以在时间紧张的情况下就不要在这些烦杂的搭配上面花时间了。如果不能抓住全部,就一定要抓住重点。

  再次,历年真题单词是重点。四级要求考生的单词量在4500左右,但考前很多考生的单词并不过关,所以很多考生就天天捧着词汇书苦背。其实,越到最后,越要抓住问题的主要矛盾。四级中很多单词一般是很少考的,比如纯名词性质的名词(卷心菜);而有些单词却是四级词汇反复涉及到,比如clumsy这个单词就在2004年6月和2005年1月连续出现。所以,历年真题是最好的核心单词词汇表。

  第二,词汇题有什么考法?

  首先,主要是考查单词认知力,考生能认识这个单词,就能解答后面的题目,比如2003年12月考题,Some plants are very _____ to light; they prefer the shade.

  A) sensible B) flexible C) objective D) sensitive

  Sensible理性的,flexible柔韧的,objective客观的,sensitive敏感的;如果考生能认识这些单词,就能较快得出正确答案D。

  其次,会更进一步,考查近义词和近形词的辨析,比如2005年1月考题,As one of the world’s highest paid models, she had her face ____ for five million dollars.

  A) deposited B) assured C) measured D) insured

  很明显这里关键考assure和insure两个单词的区别。Assure是保证,insure是给…保险,故选D。

  再次,部分题目会考查词组的搭配,比如2005年考题中,出现put这个单词的搭配,考put forward, put up, put out, put aside。这些词组的记忆会比较烦,比较容易搞混,但正如上文分析,不是复习的重点。

  了解了词汇题的考法,就可以更加有方向地去思考,明白题目考查的要点。另外,做词汇题,需要积极利用考题的句子逻辑,充分利用暗示的信息,就以2005年1月考到clumsy的题目为例,

  The machine looked like a large, ____, old-fashioned typewriter.

  A) forceful B) clumsy C) intense D) tricky

  题干中old-fashioned一词,告诉我们题目在讲typewriter不好的方面,利用这点信息可以比较容易选择B(笨拙的)。

  第四部分是三选一的题型,或者考完型,或者考简答,或者考英译汉。英译汉1996年1月,1996年6月和2000年6月考过三次后,就一直没有考过,之后都是或考完型,或考简答。这部分考试时间15分钟,分数比重为10%,考生得分相差不大。与其余题型相比较,并不是考生复习重点,只需了解考法,掌握做法,拿到题目时有明确的思考步骤。

  完型填空。从思考步骤来讲,大体可以描述为:首先把各段首句相加,了解文章大意;通过局部语言信息,先做简单题;利用整个句子内部逻辑,完成中等难度的题目;结合上下句甚至全文逻辑,推敲难题答案。如果考局部语言,比如考play a role, look for等词组,speak language等固定搭配,单词认知的考法,做题速度会比较快;如果考整个句子的内部逻辑,则需要根据句子意思进行同义词辨析,比如四级完型曾需要考生根据句子意思,结合内容逻辑,区分 rule和law;consequence和result等等。利用句子逻辑,还可能涉及句型句式等的语法性考法。四级完型总会涉及根据上下文来判断的逻辑性考法。这类题需要考生对句子开头的关联词引起重视。

  简答题。考生在做简答题时,一定要看一题做一题。带着问题看文章,在原文中迅速搜索相关信息,然后就马上做相关题目。简答题的特点是,文章没有看懂,也同样可以把题目做对,有很多单词不认识也没有关系。考生觉得简答题难的主要原因是它规定:如果答案整句原封不动照搬原文要扣分。其实,只要你写的单词都是必要的,那么即使每个单词都是原文的,也没有关系。就以97年的题目为例说明,

  题干:What is the opinion of British authorities concerning speeding laws?

  原文:The Ministry of Transport maintains that speed limits reduce accidents.

  答案:Speed limits reduce accidents.

  从答案和原文的对比中可以发现,答案的任何单词都是原文的,但却是正确答案,这个例子说明考生在做简答题时,不要刻意改动所有单词,只要填写的单词是必须的,而没有多余信号,就可以拿满分。比如上面的答案写成The Ministry of Transport maintains that speed limits reduce accidents.那就显得没有取舍,是典型的照搬照抄了。

  另外,简答题要注意单词要求,它可能会对答案的大词量有规定,通常是答案不能超过10个单词。写答案时越简单越好,问什么答什么,没有必要都是用句子回答。

  翻译。考生在翻译句子时,要注意如果句子较长,可以先把句子分为几个短句,然后一层层分别加以理解和翻译,最后根据句子内部的逻辑关系,用汉语习惯把各部分连接起来即可。其实,四级翻译的句子,能理解一般都能翻译,它不同于考研英语中的英译汉翻译。所以,翻译部分重点还是要加强句子的理解力。

  第五部分是写作。这一部分要求考生在30分钟内写完一篇至少120个单词的文章。写作部分是四级考生又一软肋,得分普遍不高。有的是不了解得分技巧,有的是写不出内容,有的是语法错误太多,有的是字迹太差…那么,最后一段时间,怎么尽可能提高写作成绩呢?

  1、 合理分配30分钟。

  有同学草草看完题目要求,就匆匆下笔,结果跑题万里。如果文章偏离主题,那就不得高分。所以,建议考生用大概5分钟时间先审题,定下大概写作方向,写下重点单词,勾勒出文章的大概框架。接下来用20分钟左右的时间来写文章。考生一般是可以在这时间内完成至少120个单词的文章的,原因四级文章一般用7—10个句子就可以写完了。不过这也要求考生在考前做一定的准备工作,比如了解作文如何分类,每一类写作可能会涉及怎样的语言表达等。另外,考生应该在考试前写几篇文章,练练笔,不至于在考试中没有写句子的感觉。写完文章后,考生还应用2-5分钟时间来检查文章。考生如果不检查文章,就会自觉不自觉地犯一些错误,尤其是单数复数的错误和时态的错误。能力很高的同学也经常犯这样的错误,因为中国人没有单复数的概念,没有时态变化的习惯,导致母语思维影响英语写作。如果文章有一些低级的错误,就会在很大程度上影响考试成绩。

  2、掌握拓展语言的方法。

  近几年考生普遍感觉到四级写作变难了,一个重要原因是考应用文多了,考描述性的内容多了。这类题的特点是很多语言需要自己组织,不像以前的议论文,可以大量套用模板语言。的确,描述性的语言更加需要考生靠自己的能力遣词造句。

  而考生遇到的更为重要的问题是不知道写什么内容,每个句子都得花很多时间来思考。如果有一个比较好的思路来引导我们,那写文章就会轻松多了。所以,建议考生在考前掌握如何通过因果关系、时间顺序、空间顺序等来扩展思维。另外,还要掌握如何分析原因,如何提供方法,如何做一些简单的评论。虽然考试形式可以灵活变化,但是考到的内容总是有这些共性。例如,2005年1月考竞选演讲词,中间有能胜任的理由分析,2003年6月考目击的一起车祸,中间有对车祸原因的分析;又如2003年6月要求考生描述车祸经过,2003年9月要求考生写大家如何帮助生病同学,2004年6月写一天旅游行程的安排,2005年6月写老师做的一件让我感动的事等等,这些内容都要涉及如何按照时间先后顺序写作,如何结合因果逻辑安排情节。

  3、增加语言的亮点。

  为了让作文得更好的分数,考生应该了解一些得分技巧,比如在单词层面上,单词要有变化,而且部分单词要有四级难度。如一篇四级范文中,考生用believe, think, maintain三个不同单词来表示“认为”,这就体现了变化,maintain一词也体现了四级难度。很多四级考生在写文章时会习惯性地用中学时学的单词,所以文章即使错误较少,也不能得一个较高的分数。另外,在句子层面上,需要长短句有机结合,不要从头到尾都是简单句,比如可以加一个定语从句,状语从句,插入语等。这些语言的运用可以让阅卷老师知道我们所能掌握的语言复杂级别。当然,也没有必要从头到尾都写长难句。

  经过四级各个部分的介绍后,相信大家对四级考试有了更多的了解,更多的信心。祝愿大家考好!

5人围观

Gifts and Books

With the exception of Christmas, at no time in the year does the chore of selecting gifts beset us as extensively as it does during June. June is a month when students graduate and when many face the question of what gifts to buy that will appropriate both the event and that will appropriate both the event and the person—something that will worthwhile and memorable as well as within our budget. Books represent the ideal gift for all events, as Colton it, “Next to acquiring good friends, the best acquisition is that of good books.”

6人围观

In some situations, you might have to tell people to quieten down and stop talking just before someone is about to speak (in a presentation, a meeting or conference) or a play is about to start in the theatre. In those instances, you would politely ask people to stop talking,

让别人停止说话的8句英文短语

  有时候在别人正准备说话前(做介绍或在会议中)或是剧场里表演开始前,你需要告诉大家安静下来,别再说话了。这些情况下,你需要礼貌地告诉大家不该再说话了。

  However, there are many more situations when you don’t want to politely ask the person or people to stop talking, especially if they have really annoyed you or you are fed up with the noise they’re making. In which case, the idioms below would come in extremely useful!

  但是,很多情况下你不想礼貌地请别人停止说话,尤其是他们打扰到你或是你受够了他们制造的噪音,这时候下面的习语就派上用场啦!

  小编:下面是这些习语的具体用法!请记住这些习语都是非正式用语,通常不太礼貌,所以使用时务必注意场合!

  1.Put a sock in it (英式英语)

  I’ve had enough of your moaning for one day. Why don’t you put a sock in it?

  这一天我都在听你抱怨,安静一点行不行啊!

  注:有时候你也会听到“put a cork in it”,意思是一样的,《让别人停止说话的8句英文短语》。

  2. Cork it

  “Shhh, cork it and listen to him”。

  “嘘,别说了,好好听他说。”

  注:“put a cork in it”更常用。

  3. Button it

  “Button it, ok. I’m trying to think!”

  “闭嘴好吗,我在思考呢!”

  4. Shut your pie hole (美式英语) or Shut your cake hole (英式英语)

  “Just shut your pie hole, man。”

  “闭上你的嘴!”

  注:这句是《阿凡达》的台词哦!

  5. Zip your lips or Zip it!

  I’ve heard enough of your nonsense, mate. Now zip it!

  哥们,你说的废话我都听够了,现在可以闭嘴了吧!

  6. Wind your neck in

  “Why don’t you just wind your neck in for once and listen to what I have to say?”

  “为什么你就不能闭嘴好好听我说呢?”

  7. Simmer down

  Ok, children. I need you all to simmer down and listen to Jason’s story。

  好的,孩子们,现在我需要你们安静下来听杰森的故事。

  注:这句话并不粗鲁,也没有冒犯的意思,只是用在非正式场合。

  8. Pipe down

  “Come on, everyone. Pipe down or else you will all get detention!”

  “所有人安静,否则留堂处分!”

5人围观

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