used to / be used to

used to + do:"过去常常"表示过去习惯性的动作或状态,但如今已不存在,

used to / be used to


  Mother used not to be so forgetful.  
  Scarf used to take a walk.  (过去常常散步)

  be used to + doing: 对……已感到习惯,或"习惯于",to是介词,后需加名词或动名词,
  He is used to a vegetarian diet.  
  Scarf is used to taking a walk.(现在习惯于散步)

典型例题   
—- Your phone number again? I ___ quite catch it.
—- It’s 69568442.      
A. didn’t  B. couldn’t C. don’t D. can’t
  答案A. 本句虽没有明确的时间状语,但从语意上看 出,在听的时候没有听懂这个动作发生在过去,因此应用过去时。

1人围观

讲起背词这件事,回想到那个时候的经历和走过的弯路,觉得这个问题很有共性,也有不少误区,

GRE单词备考观以及考前高效的背词法

。GRE就是考单词,这么说不为过。不过即使不为了考试,稍背点词也有必要。新东方的课上会讲一点,主要针对类反,背词总是一件很枯燥很个人化的事情,不大有趣所以也就没多少拿出来当笑话show的必要。

以下分两部分,先讲一点我的单词观和一般性的问题,再针对GRE词汇的讲讲短期背词法。

PART A 单词本是不用记的

I.我们究竟需要多少词

有两个问题我一直被问到,一是老俞的红宝能覆盖GRE的几成,二是GRE词汇有多少是有用的。第一个问题以前我详细讨论过,在九成以上,虽然这几年新词频出,但是仍然认为红宝是比较经济的一本单词书,省时间省精力,如果不是想拿满分的话该够了。

第二个问题与第一个有关,严格来说GRE的出题范围是美国人认可的主流单词(以MW-韦氏字典为准),总数60,000+,若去除词性变换和不可能考的词(如习语、俚语、行话)大约在两万左右,其中最为常用的有四千到五千词,基本等同于四级考试(CET4)的单词量,一般英文基础者均已掌握(注意,此五千词包括a, an, the, I, you, he, she, they….所以其实我们的单词量本来就很大的)。这样,按照ETS的标准,我们需要准备的词汇绝不超过15,000个。

此外,由于前辈们辛苦卓绝的工作,通过比较科学的排除方法(如舍弃fornication这类难登大雅的词),已成功地将这个列表缩减至11,000词(以

PART B 为了忘却的记忆——所谓背词法

好了,下面写给备G的朋友。

从现在到六月份,还有约八个月的时间,依我看不必那么久。不过考虑到人的惰性、其间的期中、期末考试和数学系等系紧张的学业,想也差不多。大致的安排是两个月背词,一到两个月作文,两到三个月阅读和做题,其他杂事穿插其中。

个么索性来讲两个月搞定红宝书的所谓背词法,参考了杨鹏先生的《17天搞定GRE词汇》和《Seraph 的26天单词记忆法》。现在各位有两个选择,一是如我当时的安排:第一个月一天两个list(一个超过6小时,月中达10小时)一个月背完,另一个月只需要每天抽两小时复习;或者一天一个list(需要四五个小时),坚持两个月。

我当时选在开学的第一个月背,逃课很厉害,但后来补上了,学业上没有影响;对于各位理科和工科的朋友,推荐使用后面一种办法,比较可行,一天五个小时操作性也比较强。

接下来是我认为比较重要的部分,至少从前辈们的经历和自己的实践来看挺有道理。我们首先要打破背词的误区。正确的方法可以各有不同,但错误的方法一定要着力避免。

第一,不要“抽时间”背。短期背词法要用整段的时间,全身心地投入。零碎的时间可以用来额外复习,尽量不要作为计划的一部分。首先,人的惰性使自己倾向于背那些已经比较熟的词,长此以往会发现那些生词还是不认识。其次,不利计划的实行,这点还要再说。

第二,不能没有计划,背到哪儿算哪儿,也不能只有一个比较粗的计划;在没定计划之前不要轻易开始,开始了就不要回头。其他事情可以很随意,逛街吃饭打游戏听音乐可以随意,背词一定要有实际的、可操作的、落实到天的明确计划。这并不是说背了单词什么别的事都可以不管了,一点灵活性都没了,不是这样,问题是,计划的灵活性要事先设计在计划之中,事先考虑要周全一点,但实行起来一定不能跟自己妥协。

我推荐扬扬用“五天背词两天补缺“的日程安排就是因为这个道理。有两个月背词,不发生点额外的状况打乱计划是不可能的,所以我建议他一周里面只用五个工作日背新词和复习,尽量完成,若实在不能完成尽量把最紧迫的复习和新词的任务完成,剩下的延后直至周末,周末一来可以补缺,二来可以补觉,非常有好处。

我当时一天背两个list约300-400个单词,最多的时候还要复习8个list超过1000个单词,确实很累。有时也难以完成,但有两个休息日作缓冲,至少自己告诉自己,这是在计划内的,按部就搬的,所以心态很好。开始背了,大家就会背背体会,这件事不只是考验记忆力,更是在考验信心。轻易变动计划往往不是一种妥协的放弃就是另一个不切实际的真实谎言的开始。

第三,不能忽视复习。复习远比背新词更重要。复习有两层概念。Sarah在她的26背词法里提到,在背一个新的list的过程中,亦要不断复习,背完一页复习一页,背完第二页,将前两页复习一遍……又可将一个list(03版是13页)二等分,四等分,背完一部分复习一部分,背完一半复习一半,背完后一半再将前一半复习一遍。这样背完一遍其实已含四五次复习了。

顺便说一句,网上常听见有人说背一个list只要一个小时甚至更快,这完全可能是因为“背”的定义不同,根本不必在意。那天扬扬问我自己两个小时才背完一个是不是慢了,我说不慢,我当时要用三个多小时,这并不假的,当然也可能是因个我自个儿比较笨。

另一层概念是过后的复习。早晚复习也算,但我没有实行,因为当时早晚都在背,没早晚之分。根据艾宾浩斯曲线,也是杨鹏当时的方法:第2天、第4天、第7天、第14天复习,对于每天一个list的朋友,我建议第20天和30各再复习一次,因为适当时间间隔的复习选比不复习重新再背有效率地多。

由上可见,第一天你只需要背list 1,第二天却除了背list 2外还要复习1,第四天要背list 4,复习3和1。依此类推,到第14天后,稳定在每天背一个新的,复习4个旧的list,到两个月的后期复习量又会逐减。

当然,整个过程实际上要持续约3个月,但最后一个月任务很轻(因为不用背新的),一两小时即可。14天到背完最后一个新list的那天是任务比较重的一段时间,一定要坚持住,这也是我提出“五天背两天歇”的原因,歇的那两天可以用来补缺和休息。同时也请美女们注意,哥们儿也要注意,复习的过程可能丝毫不比背新词轻松,就我自己来说,发现自己忘记50%以上是家常便饭,并不值得沮丧和气馁,各位以我这个笨人为参照,会好受很多。

这样两三个月下来,其实你已完整过去七遍了,毫不夸张地说,GRE已大功告成一半了。经过这七遍,这些词事实上已经深深地印在你的记忆中。虽然你还会忘记,但是简单的复习就能再记得来,从小到大,我们都有这样的“recall”经历。

第四,要背词,不要背顺序背场景。开始背红宝(或其他词汇书)几天之后,你必然会略带惊喜地发现,“哇,我连这个单词前后是什么词都记住了”,同时,你也必然会略带失望地感念,“哎,但是我忘记这个词是什么意思了……”这种现实被一些G友形象地称为场景记忆,是上述短期突破记忆法的主要障碍。

解决方法有二:

一是买一本叫《逆序》的书(老俞和寄托各出了一本,都可以,老俞的那本打*的不要背),并不是简单地从z排到a,而是以单词的末字母排排序(比如以a结尾的词排在最前),等于完全打乱了词序。

二是自己做单词卡。这是我的方法之一,每背完一个list就用本本敲一张list用A4打出来,虽然是顺序,但场景已大大弱化,也是检查自己水平的一个好办法。

顺带讲一个问题,绝对不要跟自己妥协,要设定可计量的方法来说明自己这一轮复习到位了。比如一个list只有五个以下背不出来,否则重背——复习的时候,绝不可看解释,否则完全无用;用单词表是一个好办法,可以标记,且没有解释在旁影响,不认识就是不认识不可能偷看。电子版我有,若有需要可以发上来,但是03版的。

第五,尽量不要依靠真题背词。这是我的个人观点,没有达成共识,权当参考。做真题对记忆的好处一定是有的,甚至很大,有联想且比较有针对性,寄托的蓝宝就是据此设计出来的。但过分依赖可能会影响做题效果。另外,我认为,真题并不用做很多遍,类反可以做两遍,填空和阅读一遍足矣,所以后面的两个月足够了,不必着急地接触真题。当然,我只是说不要依靠真题,红宝是基础。寄托蓝宝还是很好的一本书,对后期总结尤其有效,自卖自夸一下^.^。

就说这么多,总之背词虽然枯燥,但有方法可循,一定要有计划,要有信心,也要注意身体多锻炼,爬爬山什么的。

4人围观

128. I’ll pick up the tab. 我来付帐,

疯狂英语精彩对话学英语(2)


【发音秘诀】pick-up连读,tab中的[ ]为“大开口夸张90度音”。
A: Do you want to go out for a few beers after work? I’ll pick up the tab.
(干完活你要出去喝几杯啤酒吗?我来付帐。)
B: That sounds great. I’m really broke this week!
(听上去不错。我这个星期真的是一穷二白了!)
【中英文自由转换挑战】
A:干完活你要出去喝几杯啤酒吗?我来付帐。
B:听上去不错。我这个星期真的是一穷二白了!
【李阳老师的话】在美国和澳大利亚,人们把酒店或餐馆里所需支付的全部饮食费用称为the tab,pick up the tab就是付账的意思,所以,下次你想请人吃饭的时候,就可以说:I’ll pick up the tab.

129. I played it by ear. 我随兴之所至。
【发音秘诀】played-it连读。
A: What a beautiful house! Did you follow any special design or plan when you decorated your house?
(多么漂亮的房子!你在装修房子的时候有没有什么特别的设计方案?)
B: Not really. I played it by ear. I’m lucky it turned out OK.
(没有。我随兴之所至。幸运的是结果还不错。)
【中英文自由转换挑战】
A:多么漂亮的房子!你在装修房子的时候有没有什么特别的设计方案?
B:没有。我随兴之所至。幸运的是结果还不错。
【李阳老师的话】有些人做事喜欢有周密的计划,有明确的目标,一步一步完成。而有些人则喜欢“跟着感觉走”,怎么样好就怎么样来,我大概属于后一种吧!我喜欢play it by ear。


138. I’m broke. 我身无分文。
【发音秘诀】一个“疯狂舀水音”,多做几下手势可以帮助你掌握这个音,
A: Hey, do you think you could lend me a few dollars? I forgot my wallet and I want to go out for lunch.
(嗨,你可以借几块钱给我吗?我忘了带钱包,我想出去吃午饭。)
B: You always forget your wallet when you want to go out for lunch. Besides, I’m broke!
(你想出去吃午饭的时候,总是忘记带钱包。再说,我身无分文!)
【中英文自由转换挑战】
A:嗨,你可以借几块钱给我吗?我忘了带钱包,我想出去吃午饭。
B:你想出去吃午饭的时候,总是忘记带钱包。再说,我身无分文!
【李阳老师的话】大家知道,broke是break的过去式,但这里的broke与break毫无联系,它是个形容词,是“身无分文”的意思。如果碰上不守信用的人向你借钱,这句话就能派上用场了! 189. It’s a pain in the neck.
这真是苦不堪言。

【发音秘诀】很多朋友容易混淆[ ( ](等于国际音标的[ (( ])和[ ( ] (等于国际音标的[ ( ])的发音,疯狂英语的方法一定让你耳目一新:一个是“嘴角咧到耳朵上音”,一个是“小开口45度音”,掌握好这样的发音原则,你再也不会搞错这两个音了。

【疯狂实战】
A: I hate having to wait in line so long just to pay the electricity bill.
B: I know. It’s a pain in the neck.

中英文自由转换挑战
A:我讨厌排那么长的队就为等着交电费。
B:我知道。这真是苦不堪言。

【李阳老师的话】脖子疼是很让人难受的,我就经常饱受折磨,英文中的“a pain in the neck”就借用了这种意思,用形象的表达来说明某事或某人是如何让人难受,就像“脖子疼”一样,可以表示“非常麻烦、令人焦燥”。
That guy is a pain in the neck.
那是一个讨厌的家伙。


204. I

3人围观

Credibility was a handsome, respected young man. He loved making friends from all walks of life. However, recently, it seemed that he was losing some friends’ trust. They just kept him at arm’s length, which upset him very much. He wanted to find out the reason why.
He went to the old friend Jim. Jim was an orange-seller. Their acquaintance was rather incidental. That was the very time when Jim had the first try in selling fruit. An elderly women paid a 100 RMB as a 10 one by mistake. Jim, without any hesitation, returned it. Credibility happened to see this and their friendship began. However, nowadays, Credibility frequently hears the gossip that Jim is used to giving short weight. ‘Well, it may be a rumor’ Credibility comforted himself. But to his surprise, Jim turned to be cold and indifferent to him. Fumbling about in his case, Jim fished out several fake notes. ‘You see, this is the thanks I have received from honest selling. After so many lessons, I have got to be weary not to be fooled.’ ‘But, Jim, there still remains so many trustworthy people, we should not take an eye for an eye. After all, in the long run, it is the credible who gets rewarded…”With a rather sophisticated air, Jim interrupted him bluntly, ‘There is not pure land, and be practical-minded, you fool. You must have some change, change, you got it? Otherwise, you will be…”Before he finished his lecture, Credibility turned and walked away silently.
Feeling at loss, Credibility strolled by a window of a shabby house. A man was heard speaking eloquently on the phone. “Our food company has enjoyed great reputation. There is really nothing for you to worry about. We have great capacity to… ’ The voice sounded familiar and Credibility recognized that it was John. He knew this guy very well, yet he also knew well that his small company’s great reputation was coming from their notorious use of the smelly leftover materials. He heaved a long sigh and shook his head. There is something heavy in his heart.
Now, he thought of his girlfriend, a sweet and sincere college girl. So he went into the beautiful college campus. This was where he loved best. It was pure, elegant, and tranquil. Unfortunately, he saw her busy leafing through a variety of books, tying to find something that could be copied down. He was shocked and felt hurt. Determined, he said goodbye to her, and went away, not knowing where to go.
‘You fool!’ Jim’s voice kept dinning in his ears. The noise seemed to get louder and louder. He could not bear it, and put his hands over his ears painfully.

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5人围观

    如果听力都不过关,当然很难相信你口语会好到哪里去;听力提高了,那意味着你的英文水平有了相当的提高,自然也会影响到口语表达,

口语和听力有联系,但不等同

。但听力和口语的提高又不可能完全同步;听力的提高一般较口语为快是很自然的。关键在于练习。

    练习口语的途径很多,这里给你介绍几种:

    一、多与native-speakers交流,容易找到感觉。这是练习口语的最佳途径。但并不是所有人都有这种条件。

    二、找个喜欢练口语的同伴有意识地练习口语,也不错。我在国内上大学的时候,就是这种口语练习方式的倡导者,而且脸皮特厚,吃饭的时候,散步的时候,甚至在公共汽车上,两人全用英文交流。即使有人投来鄙夷的目光,我们也全不在乎。没有这种过程,要在国内很快提高口语是不容易的。当然,两个初学者之间练口语要有个谅解:不要相互求全,这是维持伙伴关系的大敌。要相互鼓励,不要相互纠错,要知道,大家只求有个练习机会而已,并不指望从对方学到“规范英语”,而练习本身就是提高唇舌协调机制的过程,

    三、在练听力的时候鹦鹉学舌也是可取的途径。如果正常速度有困难,可以先从“special english”跟起,逐步向标准英语节目过渡,养成跟读的习惯,效果一定不错。这不仅对磨砺唇舌有利,而且也有助于矫正发音和语调。

    四、做到“曲不离口”的最简单途径就是朗读。在其它条件都不具备的情况下,最起码应该做到看书时读出声来。这与默读是完全不一样的。默读只用眼睛和记忆,唇舌都闲着,得不到协调和锻炼,即使你能过目成诵,要张口还会感到力不从心。

    以上只是一些比较现实的、容易做到的练习口语的方法。应该还有其它多种更有效的练习方法。当然,更有效也意味着更艰苦,说得到可能做不到。俗话说,书山无路勤为径,学海无边苦作舟,讲的就是这个道理。

4人围观

                The Four Seasons in Shanghai
      In Shanghai, spring is the best season. It usually comes in February and March.  In spring, you can see green trees and beautiful flowers everywhere.  The weather is getting warmer but it often rains. Summer comes from May to July. It’s very hot. In summer we usually have heavy rain and strong wind.Autumn is from August to October. The weather in autumn is quite warm. It seldom rains. It is the best season for tourism.From November to January is winter. It’s very cold. There’s ice
and sometimes snow. If winter comes, can spring be far behind?
      The coldest season in Shanghai is in December and January.The hottest season is in July and August.

6人围观

英语同源形容词的区别

   在英语中某些词有两种或两种以上的形容词形式,它们词形相近,但词义不同,容易用错,下面笔者对这类形容词做一总结,

英语同源形容词的区别

1)historic: famous in history, 历史上著名的 associated with past times 与过去时代有关的

    a ~ event/speech/spot

historical: belong to history 历史上的

    a ~ people/novel/play/film/painting

    ~ trend

2) electric: worked by, changed with, producing electricity 用电的,带电的, 有电的

    ~ current/cable

electrical: relating to electricity, an idea of a less close connection with electricity

    ~ engineering/apparatus

3) economic: of economics

    ~ policy/geography/crisis/crops

economical: careful in the spending of money and time, not waste 经济的,节俭的

    an ~ housewife/store

4) industrial: of industries 工业的

    the ~ revolution/products/system

industrious: hard-working, diligent

    ~ people

5) considerable: great much 相当多(大)的

    a ~ income/distance

considerate: thoughtful 体谅的, 体贴的 周到的

    She is ~ to others.

6) sensible: reasonable, having good sense 实用的, 明知的

    a ~ woman/idea/ 豁达的妇女/明知的观点

    ~ clothes 实用的衣服

  sensitive: quick to receive impression 敏感的

    a ~ skin

    ~ paper 感光纸

7) continual: going on all the time without stopping or with only short breaks, stop and go repeatedly, 连续的,断断续续的

    ~ rain/noise

continuous: going on without a break, an uninterrupted flow 连续不断的

    ~ fight/work

8) intense: high in degree 强烈的, 剧烈的,高度的

    ~ heat炽热/pain

    an ~ lady 热情的女子

intensive: deep and thorough 精深的, 集中的

    ~ reading/study彻底研究/agriculture密集农业

9) respectable: deserving respect, 值得尊敬的,有名望的

    a ~ man/profession

respectful: showing respect 尊敬人的,有礼貌的,

    He is always ~to the elders.

respective: belongs to each of these 分别的,各自的

    They sat on their ~ chairs.

10) imaginable: that can be imagined 可象想的

    ~ difficulties

imaginary: existing only in the mind, unreal 想象中的, 不真实的

    ~ figure

imaginative: of, having, using imagination 有想象力的, 运用想象力的

    a ~ writer

11) intelligent: having, showing intelligence, clever 有才智的, 聪明的

     an ~ looking girl    ~ answer

intelligible: clear to mind, that can be easily understood. 易了解的, 易领悟的

    an ~ speech/explanation

intellectual: possessing a great deal of knowledge 知识的, 智力的

12) contemptible: deserving contempt 可卑的

    a ~ lie

contemptuous: showing contemp

4人围观

Single or double?单人房还是双人房?

Mini-talk 会话

Receptionist: Good evening. Do you have reservations?

晚上好,您有预订吗?

John: No.

没有,

深圳市民基本英语100句-71

Receptionist: Single or double?

要单人房还是双人房?

John: Single.

单人房,

Receptionist: How do you spell your name, please?

您的名字怎么拼。

John: John Lee. J-O-H-N L-E-E.

李约翰。J-O-H-NL-E-E。

Receptionist: How long will you stay?

您要呆多长时间?

John: Three nights.

三天。

1人围观

新东方背诵50篇26-30

26. International Business and Cross-cultural Communication

 

The increase in international business and in foreign investment has created a need for executives with knowledge of foreign languages and skills in cross-cultural communication. Americans, however, have not been well trained in either area and, consequently, have not enjoyed the same level of success in negotiation in an international arena as have their foreign counterparts.

 

Negotiating is the process of communicating back and forth for the purpose of reaching an agreement. It involves persuasion and compromise, but in order to participate in either one, the negotiators must understand the ways in which people are persuaded and how compromise is reached within the culture of the negotiation.

 

In many international business negotiations abroad, Americans are perceived as wealthy and impersonal. It often appears to the foreign negotiator that the American represents a large multi-million-dollar corporation that can afford to pay the price without bargaining further. The American negotiator’s role becomes that of an impersonal purveyor of information and cash.

 

In studies of American negotiators abroad, several traits have been identified that may serve to confirm this stereotypical perception, while undermining the negotiator’s position. Two traits in particular that caus

6人围观

                           Smoking Is Harmful
     At the class meeting our teacher read us a report in the newspaper. A certain student in a middle school smoked and he wouldn’t get rid of the bad habit though his teacherand friends warned him not to smoke any more. He even stole money to get cigarettes and was pat into prison in the end. This really gave usa shock. As we all
       smoking is very harmful to our health. It does great harm not only to our health, but also to our mind, especially for us teenagers. Now more and more people all over the world have given up smoking or have made up their minds to do so, I think we middle school students are the future builders of our country. We should study hard and make progress every day. We should form good habits so that we can spend our time learning things useful and valuable for our motherland and people, I think today’s class meeting is very meaningful to my classmates who have a bad habit of smoking. (160 words)

    吸烟有害
    在班会上,老师读了一篇报纸上的报道,

Smoking Is Harmful(吸烟有害)

,某中学生染上抽烟的恶习,尽管老师、朋友劝他不要再抽烟,但他戒不掉,甚至发展到偷钱买烟,最终被送进监狱。大家都很震惊。我们知道,吸烟对健康危害极大。它不仅危害我们的健康,也危害我们的心灵,尤其是我们十几岁的青少年。现在世界上越来越多的人已经戒掉或者决心戒掉烟瘾。我想我们中学生是祖国未来的建设者,我们应该好好学习,天天进步;我们应该养成好的习惯,以便能够把时间花在学习对祖国对人民有用的东西上。我想今天的班会对那些有抽烟恶习的同学非常有意义。

0人围观

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